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M;ihLuil1 M- S. Bantwt 


Haj is one of the five fundamental principles of Islam. In 
the systematic evolutionary process regarding the 
spiritual development of a Muslim's life, Haj is the last. 
Man has first to evolve and uplift himself from the 
impure and gloomy depths of KUFR and SHIRK by 
believing and bearing testimony to the irrefutable fact 
that there is none worthy of worship and that there is no 
object of worship but ALLAH ALONE and that Nabi 
Muhammad ^ is the LAST, FINAL and TRUE 

Once this first stage of IMAAN and SHAHADAH has 
been satisfactorily achieved, man has become worthy of 
being called a Muslim. He must now raise himself to a 
higher plain of spirtitual develpment by demonstrating 
his FAITH practically in the performance of the FIVE 
daily prayers, and more particularly, in congregation in a 

Becoming steadfast and regular in SALAH, which is 
aptly conferred with the most appropriate title of 
ME'RAJUL MO'MENEEN (Meraj is the journey of the 
Prophet to the seven heavens. Salah is the merajul 
mo'meneen, i.e. meraj of the believer), by no other than 
the Holy Prophet 4fe himself, he heads onto a more 

rigorous training and disciplining, in this race of spirtual 

perfection, to what is termed SAUM (Fasting). He who 

undergoes this spiritual purification process sincerely 

and consciously, is assured by the Holy Quran of being 

put on the highway of TAQWA (Piety). 

After this spiritual purge, follows another obligatory 

monetary purge, termed as ZAKAH, which literally 

means PURITY. After a lapse of one full year, the 

submissive believer, lays bare his entire possessions, at 

the disposal of his GHANI and MUGHNI Creator, Who 

wants him to hand out to the poor, only two and a half 

percent of his wealth. Thus in submitting to the majestic 

command of "Wa aatuz Zakaah" (and give Zakah) 

(Quran, 2:83), the believer has now purified his wealth 


Thus going through these evolutionary spirtual training 

and disciplining of one's self, and cleansing and 

purifying one's wealth, a time comes in the life of many a 

fortunate obedient servant of Allah, that he has 

accumulated sufficient pure, lawful, wealth enabling 

him to fulfil the last fundamental obligation in this 

evolutionary process of spiritual development. This is 


Allah Ta'ala says in the Holy Quran: 

"And pilgrimage to the House is a duty unto Allah for 

mankind, for him who can journey unto it. And for him 
who disbelieves surely Allah is independent of the entire 

(Quran 3:97) 
Since Haj is the last link to the chain of this spiritual 
evolutionary process and entails spending large sums of 
money, and for many, undertaking a journey of 
thousands of miles, Allah the Merciful, made it 
obligatory only once in a lifetime. 
Addressing Nabi Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam) Allah says: 
"And proclaim unto mankind the Pilgrimage: they will 
come unto you on foot and on every lean camel, coming 
from every REMOTE PATH." 

(Quran 22:27) 

Before I proceed I would like to quote here an authentic 
Hadith from Bukhari Sharif to prove the systemiatic 
evolutionary nature of the fundamental principles of 

Abdullah bin Abbas (■ct.Jjl^) narrates that the Holy 
Prophet §£ sent Mu'az bin Jabal ( -t^-dJI^ ) to Yemen (as 
a governor) and instructed him thus: Call them to bear 
witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah 
and I am the Messenger ofAllah. If they submit to this 
then inform them that Allah has made obligatory upon 

them five prayers during the course of the day and night. 
And if they submit to his then inform them that Allah has 
made obligatory upon them Zakah in their wealth which 
should be taken from their wealth and given to their 
poor. (Bukhari/Muslim) 

The Holy Prophet's # Haj 

The Holy Prophet ^performed only one HAJ during the 
course of his earthly life in the tenth year of Hijrah. Yes 
he performed four Umrahs. The first Umrah in the year 5 
A.H. was unaccomplished because the infidels of 
Makkah objected strongly and hindered his entry into 
Makkah which culminated in a Peace Treaty known as 
the Treaty of Hudaibiyah. The second is known as 
Umratul Qada; the third is Umratul Ji'ranah and the 
fourth one was with his last Haj . 

Because this was his first Haj, according to the ahadith, 
there are many instances of confusion and the faithful 
companions sought guidance from him continually 
during the five days of Haj. 

From the thousands of Hujjaj going for Haj every year 
from the four corners of the earth, the majority are those 
who will be performing their Haj for the first time. The 
bulk of these men and women, young and old are those 

who either have no knowledge of the MASA'IL of Haj or 
their knowledge is very scanty. There are practices 
which may invalidate the Haj or render one liable for for 
DUM (sacrificing of an animal) or SADAQAH. 
Therefore it is incumbent on very prospective Haji to 
acquaint himself with the essential laws of Haj by either 
attending a class conducted by an Alim to teach the 
Masa'il of Haj, or study an authentic book on Haj written 
by an Alim prior to his departure for Haj. 
A number of books on this subject are written in English 
and every compiler has made sincere effort, in his own 
way, to make the performace of Haj easier and provide 
as much information on the subject matter as thought 
necessary, but, left ample space for new comers on the 

The recent addition for this valuable series is this 
informative book which is in your hands. The author of 
this book is Moulana Mohammed Saeed Banoo of 
LENASIA, JOHANNESBURG. Moulana is sincerely 
devoted to the cause of Islam, and has dedicated himself 
to the improvement, betterment and upliftment of 
Islamic education in our Madaris. 
Moulana is the author of booklets and textbooks on 
various subjects which are utilised in many Madaris. 
I strongly recommend all prospective Hujjaj to study 

carefully the last section of his Haj Book starting from 
the Kitab ul Fada'il (Book of Virtues) to the end of the 
book. There are many many many valuable advices and 
instructions to the prospective Haji which are the utmost 
importance to him. 

I conclude with since duas that may Allah Ta'ala accept 
his valuable contribution and make it a means of 
perpetual thawab for the learned Moulana. Ameen. 
Moulana Cassim Sema, 
Principal - Darul Uloom, 
P.O. Box 1404, 
Newcastle 2940. 
June 1987 

This foreword was included in earlier editions of 
Kitabul Haj but unfortunately left out in later editions 
due to technical reasons. 
Moulana Sema (R.A.) passed on in July 2007. 

M.S. Banoo (Nadwi) 

21 January 2011 

16 Safar 1432 


To my parents Ghulam Hussain Banoo, 
Rahmat Bibi Banoo and my Late 
Shaikh Sayyid Abul Hasan AN Nadwi. 
(May Allah grant them Jannah.) 

And complete the Haj and Umrah for Allah. 

(Quran 2:196) 

And proclaim unto mankind the Haj. They 
will come to you on foot and on every lean 
camel, coming from every remote path. 

(Quran 22:27) 

And Pilgrimage to the House is a duty unto 
Allah for mankind (upon) everyone who is 
able to undertake the j our ney to it. 

(Quran 3:97) 




Introduction to the Eighth Edition. 
On whom is Haj compulsory.. .. 

Which Haj to choose 



Arrival in Makkah 

Before Tawaf 



Some Masail on Tawaf of Umrah 











Makruhat of Haj 

Ladies in Ihram 




Qurbani (Udhiyah) 

Violations - Penalties (Dum) .. .. 

Missing of Haj 



Ziyarats of Madinah - Makkah.. .. 
Places Where Duas are Accepted.. 

Kitabul Fada'il (Virtues) 

KitabulAd'iyah (Duas -Prayers) 






















Compared to earlier editions quite a few changes and 
additions have been made. This book is aimed at all 
schools of thought. Only a few issues could be disputed 
though not incorrect. 

Transliteration of some duas have also been included for 
those unable to read Arabic. 

Read the book carefully and intelligently several times. 
If you follow the instructions diligently, Inshallah your 
Haj will be an accepted one. 

Most prospective Hujjaj go totally unprepared for Haj. 
This statement holds true for about 95% of the Hujjaj. This 
is a serious neglect by the Ummah and a shameful one. 

Abdullah bin Masood ( *^<d|l^ ) relates from the Nabi 
(jgjjj ) "Learn your rites of Haj because they (rites) are part 
ofyourDeen (religion) ". 


Haj is usually performed once in a lifetime and is the 
peak of achievement for the believer. The spiritual 
benefits that flow from the Haj are immense in nature 
and revolutionize the attitude of the believer and change 
his direction in life. He who has performed the Haj 
properly and sincerely comes back a different person. 
The casual don't care type Haji returns the same person. 
A donkey that goes on pilgrimage returns a donkey, not a 
Haji. Therefore it is most essential that every 
prospective Haji must know why he is going to the 
Sacred Places and what is expected of him. 

Avoid crowds and if you are caught in the middle of one, 
show restraint. Be cool and calm. Do not push others 
or cause injury because you are being jostled. Do not 
lose your temper nor become abusive. 

If every Haji can do this we will not see the fights at Hajr 
Aswad, the unruly behaviour of people in Tawaf and the 
rampant indiscipline in Mina. Not to mention the un- 
Islamic behaviour after the return from Haj. Islam 
expects us to be pursuers of learning and being a 
disciplined lot. During the Farewell Haj when the Nabi 
(4&) heard a noise behind him and the beating of the 
camels (to hurry) He ( & ) pointed with his stick and 
called out, "O People be calm and dignified, for surely 



good is not in rushing with your camels ". 

(Abdullah bin Abbas) Bukhari 

Great emphasis has been laid on self-restraint and 
obedience especially to Allah and the Prophet (^j£). 
Good behaviour, courtesy, assisting the weak and old, 
hygiene and sacrifice are part of our noble religion. One 
golden rule the Haji must keep in mind. DO NOT 
INCONVENIENCE anybody by speech, action or 

Prior to one's departure for Haj some of the following 
things have to be kept in mind: 

a. Halal (pure) earnings. Abdullah bin Umar 
(■tisxdJL^j ) relates from the Nabi (4jj) when a man 
performs Haj with non-halal sources and he says 
"Labbaik (I am present) Allahuma Labbaik", 
Allah says 'Wo Labbaik (for you). This (call of 
yours) is flung back at you (rejected) ". 

Ibn Adi 

b. Seek forgiveness from relatives and friends.Also 
towards those whom you acted unjustly. Without it 
a pure Haj (Haj Mabrur) cannot be achieved. 

Settle all debts and obligations towards third 
parties. Do not go for Haj paying by credit card or 
any "fly now pay later" scheme. 

It is contrary to the teachings of the Quran. Do not 
take loans or make a collection and go for Haj . 

«^-*%*> ) 

d. Be sincere in your intentions. Anas ( 
relates from the Nabi ( 4§: ) "A time will come upon 
the people wherein the wealthy will perform Haj 
for the sake of touring, the middle group for 
purpose of trade, the learned for show and the 
poor for begging ". 

Dailimi - Musnad Firdaus 

e. In most countries Hujjaj have to register to go for 
Haj. The wait at times can be a few years. It is 
haraam to bribe or use other methods to jump the 
queue. The same applies to "purchase" of visas or 
defying the authorities by slipping into the 
Masha'ir. In fact any underhand method of going 
on pilgrimage. 

f. Repent of your past deeds and resolve to turn a 
new leaf. 



The Hujjaj must keep in mind that this book relates 
directly to issues on Haj. There are other side 
issues that are related to Haj actions like Wudu, 
Ghusal, Salah, Salatus Safr, Qurbani, etc. The 
Haji must be aware or have basic knowledge of 
these branches of Deen. 

Study the life of Muhammad - Rasulullah (^), some 
matter on the virtues of Haj and books on the History of 
Makkah and Madinah. The Haji will find my following 
books "Duas for Haj and Umrah", "Lady in Haj and 
Umrah" very useful. 

May Allah grant us the opportunity to perform our 
Haj as He would like us to perform it. 

Study the diagrams carefully. Make the Umrah and Haj 
on your own. You will find it most satisfying. 
Individual effort is the real way of performing Umrah 
and Haj. 

All terms and translations of duas are at the end of 
the book. 

The author and all those associated with this publication 
humbly request the Hujjaj to remember them in all their 
duas and make it a means of our salvation in the 


Hereafter. I am most grateful for the assistance rendered 
to me. especially sister Zubeida, Mufti A.K. Hoosen 
and Br A. S.Moolla. 

"Our Lord, accept from us and forgive us, for surely You 
are the Most Forgiving and the Most Merciful ". 

M.S. Banoo (Nadwi) 
13 Topaas Street, Ext. 5, 
Lenasia 1827 
Republic of South Africa. 
Tel: (2711) 854-4664 
Mobile: 27835864831 


21 January 2011 

16 Safar 1432 



Haj is compulsory once in a lifetime on: 


A Muslim. 

Sane and mature. 

Possesses the means (money) and is not in debt. ' 

Healthy - not permanently bedridden or unable to 

travel. 2 

5. Has freedom of movement. 3 

6. A female to be accompanied by her husband or a 
Mahram (one whom she cannot marry). She must 

1 . One must have sufficient money for the air fare, board and lodge 
in Makkah, compulsory taxes and leave sufficient money at home for 
the dependents. The cost of one's stay in Madina and purchasing of 
gifts has nothing to do with Haj costs. Those having home loans can 
considertheir monthly repayments as rent. 

2. Recently, many invalids are coming for Haj. They are virtually 
unable to help themselves. Such people are a burden on those 
responsible for them and a nuisance to the general public. In the event 
of a stampede or any calamity such people are the first casualties. 
They must rather stay at home. (See the Hadith No. 27 in the Fada'il 
Section regarding the old man and Haj Badal). 

3. Withdrawal of a passport, house arrest, imprisonment, also 
does not make the Haj compulsory. This applies to Muslims who are 
resident in hostile countries. Or others dwelling in a dictatorship. 


also not be in Iddat. 4 A woman can accompany her 
son-in-law or father-in-law for Haj . 

7. Safely of route. During wars, civil disturbances and 
when roads are unsafe, Haj is not compulsory. 


There are three types of Haj : Ifrad, Tamattu and Qiran. 


This is the simplest form of Haj. 

Ihram is tied for Haj only. A person performing Ifrad is 
called a Mufrid. The residents of Makkah and those in 
Makkah before Shawwal can make the Ifrad Haj only. 


This is a better form than Ifrad. Umrah is performed 
during the months of Haj. 5 Thereafter the Haji remains 
in normal clothing. On the 8 th of Zil Haj he wears the 
Ihram for Haj. The performer of this Haj is called a 

4. A period immediately after the death of her husband (4 months 
1 days) or a divorce (about 3 months after her divorce). 

5. Monthsof Haj -Shawwal, Zil Qad, Zil Haj. 



This is the best form of Haj. Haj and Umrah is 
performed in one Ihram. One who performs Qiran is 
called a Qarin (One Ihram means wearing the Ihram 
from the Miqat till after cutting one's hair on the 10 th of 
Zil Haj). 


QIRAN: If you are reaching Makkah in the last few 
days before Haj (i.e. before the 8 th of Zil Haj) Qiran will 
be ideal. This is conditional that you were not in 
Makkah in the current Haj months, Shawwal/Zil 
Qad/Zil Haj, then left for Madinah, or any country. 
Rather go to Madinah first from your country then leave 
for Makkah a few days before Haj . B etween the Umrah 
and Haj one has to be CONTINUOUSLY in Ihram. For 
persons staying in Makkah for a few weeks, having a 
weak will-power, this Haj is not advisable. The 
slaughtering of one animal is compulsory in this Haj 
(goat/sheep/one seventh of an ox or camel). 

TAMATTU: If you intend spending Shawwal, a few 
weeks in Makkah, then Tamattu will be most suitable. 
Between your Umrah and Haj you will NOT be in Ihram 
thus freeing you from the prohibitions of Ihram. After 

| KITABUL HAJ | \l9 

performing your Umrah you MUST stay in Makkah till 
the 8" 1 of Zil Haj. It is compulsory to slaughter one 
animal (goat/sheep/one seventh of an ox or camel) in 

IFRAD: If you are reaching Makkah just before Haj, 
then this Haj will also be ideal. It is not compulsory to 
sacrifice in Ifrad. Ifrad is not permissible if you have 
made Umrah in the current Haj months. 


In all four directions of Makkah are boundaries which 
none can pass without Ihram if they intend going to 
Makkah, whether it be Haj or Umrah. This boundary is 
called Miqat (plural Mawaqeet). There is another 
boundary closer to Makkah called Haram. 
These days most flights around the world land at Jeddah 
or Madinah. Wear the Ihram before reaching Jeddah i.e. 
the last stop before Jeddah or from your port of 

6. A difference of opinion exists on staying within the Miqat 
boundaries for a Mutamatti. Therefore if one has to go to Madinah 
(which is outside the Miqat boundary) in the Haj months and return, one 
can still perform the Tamattu Haj. From Madinah the intending Haji will 
tie his Ihram and go directly to Mina or perform another Umrah then Haj. 


embarkation 7 if going directly to Makkah. If one is 
proceeding to Madinah first then there is no need to wear 

For the people of Madinah, or when coming from 
Madinah to Makkah, ZUL HULAIFA (also called 'Bir 
Ali') is the Miqat. Bir Ali is about 10km from Madinah 
central. The bus stops here on its way to Makkah. 
Rasulullah (^jf) also wore his Ihram from here. This is 
the furthest Miqat from Makkah (about 420 km). 

1. The names of the other Mawaqeet are as follows: 
JUHFA near Rabigh about 175km 8 from Makkah 
towards the western coastline; for the people of 
Syria and North Africa. QARNUL MANAZIL in 
the direction of Najd about 75km from Makkah; 
ZATUL IRQ for the people of Iraq; 
YALAMLAM south-east of Makkah; the name 
of a mountain 90km from Makkah - for the 
people of Yemen and the South. If one has entered 

7. It is best to wear the Ihram but make the niyyah before crossing 
the Miqat. 

8. Rabigh is no longer on the main route to Makkah. Signboards on 
the Hijrah Expressway 230km before Makkah indicate the Miqat 
boundary for people coming from Syria and North Africa. 

Makkah without an Ihram, return to the nearest 
Miqat and wear the Ihram there and then return to 
Makkah. The penalty for failing to go back to the 
Miqat and entering Makkah without Ihram is the 
slaughtering of a goat or sheep and distributing its 
meat among the poor. 

The immediate boundary around Makkah is called 
Haram. People residing in Makkah go to any of the 
following places to wear their Ihram for Umrah: 

Tan'eem which is about 7km from the Ka'bah and 
where most people go to don their Ihram. Aishah 
( l+^dJI^i, ) was sent by Rasulullah ( gj ) to Tan'eem 
from where she wore her Ihram for Umrah. The 
Masjid on this site is called Masjid Aishah (also 
Masjid Umrah). Buses run from outside the 
Masjid Haraam to Tan'eem regularly. 

Ji'ranah which is 25km north of Makkah. 
Rasulullah (^fe) tied his Ihram from here on his 
return from Taif to Makkah in 8 A.H. 

Hudaibiyah: about 21km on the outskirts of 
Makkah, known as Shumaisiya today (between 
Makkah and Jeddah). 



Miqat Boundaries Saudi Arabia 




s { ( ( a i 




(People of South) 

NOTE: Some authorities are of the opinion that Jeddah 
is not in the Miqat and one could wear his Ihram at 
Jeddah. Those who follow this opinion must remember 
that if they visit Jeddah for any reason and on returning 
to Makkah will have to do so in a fresh Ihram. 


The Ihram is a garment consisting of two unsewn 
(unstitched or untailored) sheets or towels. This is the 
standard uniform for all Hujjaj and Mu'tamirin, whether 
he be king or peasant, beggar or millionaire, academic or 
unlettered. All have to wear the same garb, 9 white being 
the mustahab colour. 

Before wearing the Ihram sexual conduct is permissible 

if accompanied by one's wife. It is sunnah to trim one's 

nails, remove unwanted hair (in the armpits and below 

the navel). One can also have a haircut, trim the 

moustache, beard and make ghusal. Usage of perfumed 

soaps, itr (perfume) before the intention for Ihram is 

permissible. The one piece is tied around the waist and 

the other thrown over the shoulder. 

9. The Ihram garment can be old or new. If the Ihram becomes 
dirty (napaak/najis) it could be removed and washed or replaced. 




(a) All fragrant items whether it is applied to the body, 
ihram or consumed (sweets, chewing gum, 
perfumed drinks, most types of toothpastes, soaps, 
cosmetics and wetwipes). 

(b) Cutting or plucking the hair or nails. Also avoid 
excessive scratching, rubbing with a towel after 
wudu or showering. The above causes body hair to 

(c) Sexual intercourse, love play, kissing or talk leading 
to such activity. 

(d) Quarreling, fighting and use of bad/foul language. 

(e) Wearing of tailored (stitched) garments, shoes, 
underwear 10 and headgear (covering of head). 

10. Note: Those men suffering from bleeding piles, urine dripping 
constantly etc. can wear protective clothing under the Ihram. The 
same applies to knee or ankle guards. For this unintended violation 
the Haji has the following options: any one. 

i) Charity: Feed 6 poor people (or give+SR200); 

ii) Fast3days;or 

iii) Slaughter a sheep. (Quran2:196): 


(f) Cigarettes, chewing tobacco, or anything else 
giving off offensive odours. 

Ladies : Same as above in (a), (b), (c), (d) and (f). 

Women can wear any type of clothing and shoes. 
WHAT IS ALLOWED IN IHRAM (before or after) 

a) Money belt (despite the stitching) or any other type 
of pouch to tie the Ihram. 

b) Watch, spectacles, ring, bandage, plaster, 
identification tags, contact lenses, etc. 

c) Applying ointment to sores, pimples, etc. 

d) Pin, press studs or velcro to tie the Ihram. 

e) Blanket or shawl to cover the body (covering of the 
head and face is not allowed for men and the face 
for women). 

f) Beach thongs or any footwear that does not cover 
the arch of the foot (metatarsal) and ankles (for 

g) Application of Itr, usage of perfumed soap, 
deodorant, before making the intention of Ihram. 


Women can use a towel/handkerchief to wipe the 
face and make Sajdah on a musalla. If her face is 
veiled in Ihram, the veil must NOT touch her face. 

h) Peeling off dead skin (for those with skin disorders). 


THE BOTTOM: Stand with your legs astride, and 
wrap one length around the waist (if the piece is long 
enough, double it up over the front of the body). Fasten 
a belt, leaving a space of two inches (5 cm) from the top 
of the cloth and tuck two inches of cloth from the top 
over the belt. 

Note: The navel to the knee must be covered at all 
times. Many people do not observe this fact. Staying in 
Ihram for men not used to wearing a sarong/lungi can 
be difficult. Observe caution whilst sleeping or sitting. 

THE TOP: The top part can be thrown over the 
shoulders (Idtiba is for Tawaf only). 

There are other ways of tying the Ihram as well. 


A woman should bath, make her intention of Ihram and 
wear her normal clothing. Her face remains exposed. 
Shoes, jewellery, stockings, etc., are permitted. The 
Talbiyah (Labbaik) should be recited softly. A 
menstruating woman should also bath, wear her 
clothing, make her intention for Ihram, recite the 
Talbiyah, proceed to Makkah and wait till she is over, 
have her bath and only then perform her Umrah. See 
page 67 for more details. Refer to my publication 
"Lady in Haj and Umrah" as well). 


After wearing the Ihram, use the shoulder length as a 
head-covering (for males), and perform two rakats 
Salatul Ihram (in the first rakat read Surah Kafiroon: Qui 
ya ayyuhal kafiroon, and in the second rakat, Surah 
Ikhlaas: Qui huwwallahu Ahad). After the completion 
of this Salah, remove the shoulder length from your 
head, make the niyyah (intention) of Umrah, and recite 
the Talbiyah thrice, loudly, if you are a male, and softly, 
if you are a female. 



NIYYAH: This will depend on what you are intending 
to do (can be done in Arabic or any other language). 

ForTamattu: (Umrah) 

For Ifrad and Tamattu: 

7 - . V / ' / 7 i 

The Talbiyah: 

Labbaik. Allahumma Labbaik. 

Labbaika la shareeka laka Labbaik. 

Innal hamda wan ni'matah laka wal mulk. 

La shareeka lak. 

After the Talbiyah, the following dua was recited by 

1/11/ /i / y 9 /i fi*f<' 

You can also make dua for whatever you desire. You are 
now a Muhrim (a person in the state of Ihram) and all 



aforementioned prohibitions apply to you. Remember, 
that the state of being in Ihram is only achieved after you 
have completed the Niyyah of Ihram and read the 
Talbiyah. 11 Wearing the Ihram does not constitute being 
in the state of Ihram. On your way to Makkah recite the 
Talbiyah and any other forms of Zikr (Takbeer, Tahlil, 
Tasbih, etc) as often as possible. 


Dua on the outskirts of Makkah: 

9 S. / / 9 < / / ? ' ' ? » 'k 9 / / 

On reaching Makkah, first get settled, then proceed to 
the Al-Masjidul Haraam. Recite the appropriate dua 
according to the sunnah as you enter the masjid from 
any door. 

On sighting the Ka'bah, recite the following dua (with 
raised hands): 

\'" \."~i if* \<-<"i'\ '*£'* " 

You can make any other duas to suit your needs as well. 
If Salah time is at hand, do not start with your Tawaf 
until after Salah (study diagram before starting the 
Tawaf). Remember that this Salah will be performed 
bareheaded as you are a Muhrim. 
Note: There is no time limit or prohibited time to perform 
Umrah. If you are tired, have a rest before starting with 
your rites. Tawaf is not allowed when salah is on. 

11. The Ihram and state of Ihram can only be removed after the 
Tawaf, Sa'ee and cutting of the hair. 




Before commencing with Tawaf, cover the left shoulder 
with one end of the Ihram and pass the other end under 
the right arm (for men). 

The right shoulder will be bare and the left covered. 
This is called Idtiba. 13 Now proceed to the Hajr Aswad 
(Black Stone), which is on the corner of the Ka'bah 
closest to the door of the Ka'bah. On the wall at the edge 
of the courtyard is a green light which is also directly in 
line with the Hajr Aswad. The starting point of your 
Tawaf is here, as close as possible to the Hajr Aswad. 
Stop reciting the Talbiyah. Before starting the Tawaf, 
make your intention. 


Face the Hajr Aswad with the whole body in line with 
the Hajr Aswad, raise your hands as in Salah and recite 
the following: 

12. Wuduiscompulsoryforallformsoftawaf. Tawaf is like salah. 

13. Idtiba and Ramal is not for one performing Ifrad. 




, ■ 






















Thereafter, proceed towards the Hajr Aswad and kiss it 
thrice lightly without smacking the lips. 14 If possible, 
place the forehead thereafter on the Hajr Aswad. If a 
large crowd is nearby and you are unable to kiss the Hajr 
Aswad, you have the following options: 

a. Place both hands or the right hand on the Hajr 
Aswad and kiss the palms of both hands, or the 
palm of the right hand. 

b. Stretch your arms with the palms facing the Hajr 
Aswad and then kiss your palms (as a substitute). 
To kiss or touch the Hajr Aswad is called Istilam. 15 

14. Fragrant substances are always applied to the Hajr Aswad, wall 
and cover (ghilaf) of the Ka'bah. The Muhrim must stay clear of all 
these places. Option (b) is bestforthe Muhrim. 

15. Istilam is made only at Hajr Aswad and RuknYamani. Ignorant 
people make Istilam to the Masjid Haraam from outside; others make 
Istilam throughout the Tawaf or at Safa, Marwah and in between. All 
this is incorrect. 

To kiss the stone is sunnah but to cause inconvenience 
and injury to others by pushing is haraam. 

Start moving towards your right as your Tawaf has 
begun. For males, the first three Shawts (rounds) are to 
be done at a brisk pace with the chest out (called 
Ramal)."' The remaining four at a normal walking pace. 
Women will walk at a normal pace. Engross yourself in 
dua whilst making Tawaf. The Hatim must be encircled 
otherwise the Tawaf will be incomplete. 

Every time you circle the Ka'bah, touch the Rukn 
Yamani (The Yamani corner) with your hands or the 
right hand in such a manner that your chest or back does 
not face it. This is Mustahab. Do not kiss or place your 
forehead against it. If you are unable to touch it, move 
on (without raising the hands). Every time you reach the 
Hajr Aswad, turn and face the Hajr Aswad and if 
possible kiss it, otherwise raise your hands as mentioned 
earlier and kiss your palms and recite Takbir (Allahu 
Akbar). Complete your seven Shawts (rounds) in this 
manner. Your Tawaf is now complete (you have made 
Istilam 8 times). Go to the Multazam and make dua 

16. Idtiba and Ramal is for that Tawaf followed by a Sa'ee. 
elderly and sick do not have to make Ramal. 




seeking Allah's Grace and Mercy. If possible place your 
chest against the wall of the Ka'bah, hands raised and 
right cheek touching the wall. (Refer to Note 14.) 


Thereafter, if it is not makruh time, go behind the Maqam 
Ibrahim, cover both shoulders and perform two rakats 
salah. These two rakats are wajib 17 (Wajibut Tawaf) and 
the mustahab surahs are Kafiroon and Ikhlaas. If there is 
no space near the Maqam Ibrahim, then enter the Hatim. 
Otherwise, any other place in the Haram Sharif will 
suffice. It is not compulsory to perform salah at Maqam 
Ibrahim. Ignorant people (men and women) cause a 
severe congestion at Maqam Ibrahim by performing 
their salah there. Do not be one of them. 
Drink Zam Zam from the containers placed around the 
Mataf. Before drinking say "Bismillah" and after 
drinking "Alhamdulillah". (The Zam Zam well is no 
longer accessible to the public.) Make duas to suit your 
needs when drinking Zam Zam. 

1 7. Two rakats salah are compulsory after EVERYTAWAF. 

| KITABUL HAJ | 1~37 

The dua of Rasulullah ( ^ ) at the time of drinking Zam 
Zam is: 

Make Istilam of the Hajr Aswad for the ninth time and 
proceed to Safa. 


There are no fixed duas for each shawt (round) as found 
in some guide books. The Mu'tamir/Haji is at liberty to 
recite what he pleases. We include certain selected duas 
Rasulullah (4§0 and the Sahabah Cs+ s -*%j=>) made during 
Tawaf. Duas should be recited softly, keeping the 
meanings in mind. Loud recital of duas is makruh. 
Remember, it is better to read a dua you understand than 
to follow someone else reading a dua in Arabic, either 
mispronouncing or missing out words. Avoid joining 
groups for Tawaf or Sa'ee as this is not recommended. 
Tawaf and Sa'ee is a personal Ibadah. 



Recite the following Dua between Rukn Yamani and 
Hajr Aswad. Also between Hajr Aswad and the Hatim: 

This is the most recited dua in Tawaf by Rasulullah (^) 
and the Sahabah (_^+^*lJL^>). 

At Rukn Yamani recite: 

S- / s s 

When directly in line with the Mizab recite : 





Before proceeding to Safa, ensure that you have made 
Istilam of the Hajr Aswad (Ninth Istilam). 


Stand on the slope of Mount Safa, face the Ka'bah, raise 
your hands, palms facing the heaven as in dua, and recite 
the following verse. 

18. Sa'ee can be made on all levels (Ground, First Floor and Roof). 


After that recite the Takbir (Allahu Akbar) the Fourth 
Kalimah loudly and (Durood) softly. Make dua as Duas 
are accepted here. 

Read three times 

$2\ Q £S^<J soii &\% ytl 


Descend from the stop and proceed to towards Marwah 
About 70 metres from Safa are the green fluorescent 
lights and pillars (indicating the Milain Akhdarain). 
Only males have to break out into a slow jog between 
these lights, a distance of about 50 metres. It is sunnah 
to jog this short distance. 

On reaching Marwah, climb the slope, 19 face the Ka'bah 
and do the same as you had done at Safa (the Ka'bah is 
not visible from here). One shawt has now been 
completed. Commence your return to Safa and on 
reaching the green light break out into a slow jog again 
till you reach the other green light. On reaching Safa, 
the same procedure of reciting duas is carried out. The 
second shawt has now been completed. In this manner 
complete seven shawts ending at Marwah. Cut your 
hair upon completion of the Sa'ee if you are making 
Umrah or the Umrah of Tamattu. ( Method of Cutting 
the hair P-59) 


Wudu is compulsory for all forms of Tawaf. Tawaf can 

1 9. The Slope is on the ground floor only. 

20. Also referto Section on Nafl Tawaf. 


be suspended for salah, janazah salah or the breaking of 
wudu and be resumed thereafter. Be sure of how many 
(rounds) shawts you have completed. If you are confused 
about the number of shawts, repeat the entire Tawaf. 

The Tawaf starts from the Hajr Aswad only. Tawaf 
cannot be begun elsewhere. The Hatim also has to be 
encircled. While making Tawaf, the left shoulder will 
be closest to the Ka'bah with the Taa'if walking in an 
anti-clockwise direction. 

Do not face the Ka'bah whilst making Tawaf except at 
the Hajr Aswad. Queue before beginning the first shawt 
or after the last shawt to kiss the Hajr Aswad if you wish 
to do so. 2 ' A special wheelchair lane on the first floor of 
the Masjid is available for those unable to walk. 

Notes on Sa'ee 

The distance between Safa and Marwah is 375 metres. 
Those unable to make Sa'ee on foot can do so on 
wheelchairs which are available at fixed rates. Count 
the round personally and do not leave it to the person 
pushing your wheelchair. 

21. Nowadays people generally queue to kiss the Hajr Aswad. The 
majority are totally undisciplined. 

There is no nafl Sa'ee like nafl Tawaf. Sa'ee can be 
suspended for salah or janazah salah and resumed 
thereafter. Wudu is not conditional in Sa'ee, i.e. it can 
be made without wudu. 

Sa'ee to begin at Safa only. Stand where the tiling meets 
the rock. Istilam is not made on Safa and Marwah. 


QIRAN (1) 

After you have worn your Ihram before or at the Miqat, 
perform two rakats salah and make the following 
combined intention for Umrah and Haj . 

gats t^Latiyitajytt 

Recite your Talbiyah thrice and proceed to Makkah. 
Continue with your Talbiyah until before beginning the 



Tawaf. On entering the Al-Masjidul Haraam do the 

a. Tawaf (this will be your Tawaf for Umrah). 

b. Dua at the Multazam. 

c. Two rakats Salah (Wajibut Tawaf). 

d. Drink Zam Zam. 

e. Return and make Istilam of the Hajr Aswad for the 
ninth time before starting your Sa'ee. 

f. Perform Sa'ee. 

g. Two rakats salah (Mustahab). 

The Umrah is now complete. 22 

The Qarin will NOT cut his hair after the Umrah, but will 
remain in his Ihram and continue reciting the Talbiyah. 

After the Umrah, the Qarin has to perform the Tawaful 
Qudoom (Tawaf of Arrival) and Sa'ee. He has to repeat 
exactly the same procedure that he followed in his 
Umrah. In effect, he will perform two Tawafs and two 
Sa'ees (the second Sa'ee could be performed after the 
Tawafus Ziyarah). 23 

22. This is mentioned briefly here. Tawaf and Sa'ee have been 
covered in earlier chapters. 

23. According to the most authentic Ahadeeth the Prophet (SAW) 
performed one Tawaf and one Sa'ee only. 


The Qarin is NOT released from his Ihram after the 
Tawaful Qudoom and Sa'ee but has to remain in Ihram 
till the day of Haj (8 th of Zil Haj). The Qarin is warned 
once more to be very careful and not to violate the 
prohibitions which apply to persons in Ihram. 

8 th Zil Haj: 

Depart for Mina after Fajr and remain in Mina till after 
Fajr of the 9*. 

9 th Zil Haj: 

Depart for Arafah after Fajr and remain in Arafat till 
sunset. Leave for Muzdalifah after sunset without 
performing Maghrib salah at Arafat. 

10 th Zil Haj (Night): 

Perform Maghrib and Esha salah at Muzdalifah. Spend 
the night here. Perform Fajr salah, make dua, collect 
your pebbles then leave Muzdalifah for Mina just before 

10" Zil Haj (Day): 

Stone the Jamratul Kubra (Big Shaitan) with seven (7) 
pebbles. Slaughter a goat, sheep or one seventh portion 
of a camel/cow. Cut or shave the hair of the head and 
remove the Ihram. Go to Makkah and perform your 

| KITABUL HAJ | 1~46 

Tawafus Ziyarah and return to Mina. 
11" Zil Haj: 

Stone all three Jamarat starting with the Small Jamrah, 
seven stones each AFTER ZAWAL (MIDDAY) 7x3 = 21. 

12 th Zil Haj: 

The same as on the 11*. Leave for Makkah before 

13" Zil Haj: 

If you remain in Mina, stone all three Jamarat, then depart. 

Tawaful Wada'a (Farewell Tawaf): 

Perform this Tawaf before leaving for home. 


After wearing your Ihram before or at the Miqat, 
perform two rakat Salatul Ihram and make your 
intention for Umrah as follows: 

Intention for Umrah 


Recite Talbiyah continuously after the intention of Umrah. 
On reaching Makkah, perform: 

a. Tawaf of the Ka'bah. 24 (8 Istilams.) 

b . Dua at the Multazam. 

c. Two rakats Salah (Wajibut Tawaf). 

d. Drink Zam Zam. 

e. Make Istilam of the Hajr Aswad for the 9 th time. 

f. Perform the Sa' ee between Safa and Marwah. 

g. Two rakats Salah (Mustahab). 
h. Cut or shave the hair of the head. 

See section on "All Hujjaj" for details on shaving and 
cutting of hair. 

Men and women can cut their hair personally or by 
someone else. Strange men are not allowed to cut 
women's hair. 

You are released from your Ihram and all previous 
prohibitions no longer apply. Remove your Ihram and 
stay in Makkah in your normal clothing. If you wish 
you can make Umrah as often as you please till the 8 th of 
Zil Haj. 

24. Adetailed explanation has been given in the earlier chapters on 
Tawaf and Sa'ee. 



8 TH ZilHaj: 

Wear your Ihram, perform two rakat Salatul Ihram, 
make your intention for Haj and recite the Talbiyah. 
Depart for Mina after Fajr and remain in Mina till after 
Fajrofthe9' h . 

9 th Zil Haj: 

Depart for Arafah after Fajr and remain in Arafat till 
sunset. Leave for Muzdalifah after sunset without 
performing Maghrib salah at Arafah. 
10* Zil Haj (Night): 

Perform Maghrib and Esha salah at Muzdalifah. Spend 
the night here. Perform Fajr salah, make dua, gather 
pebbles, then leave Muzdalifah for Mina just before 

10* Zil Haj (Day): 

Stone the Jamratul Kubra (Big Shaitan) only, with seven 
(7) pebbles. Slaughter a goat, sheep or one seventh 
portion of a camel/cow. Cut or shave the hair of the head 
and remove the Ihram. Go to Makkah and perform your 
Tawafus Ziyarah. The first three rounds with Ramal (if 
Ramal is not possible, do it at normal walking pace). 


After the Tawaf/Wajibut Tawaf, perform your Sa'ee and 
return to Mina. (Slaughtering, cutting of the hair and the 
Tawafus Ziyarah can be delayed until the following day 
or even till the 1 2 th Zil Haj before sunset.) 

11* Zil Haj: 

Stone all three Jamarat starting with the Small Jamrah, 
seven stones each AFTER ZAWAL (MIDDAY). 

7x3 = 21. 

12" Zil Haj: 

The same as on the 11 th . Leave for Makkah before 


13" Zil Haj: 

If you remain in Mina, stone all three Jamarat after 
Zawal, then depart. 

Tawaful Wada'a (Farewell Tawaf): Perform this 
Tawaf before leaving for home. 

IFRAD 25 (3) 

Having worn your Ihram for Haj before or at the Miqat 

25. Ifrad is also for the residents within the Miqat, residents of 
Makkah and those (outsiders) present in Makkah before the first of 
Shawwal. They cannot perform Qiran orTamattu or Tawaful Qudoom. 
Ihram is worn from where they stay. 


perform two rakats Salatul Ihram (for outsiders). After 
the salah make your intention for Haj as follows: 

Thereafter recite the Talbiyah continuously. 

On arriving at Makkah perform the following: 

a. Tawaf 26 (known as Tawaf Qudoom) i.e. Tawaf of 
Arrival for outsiders only (Tawaf without Ramal or 
Idtibah, i.e. walking chest out at a brisk pace and the 
right shoulder bare). 

b. Dua at Multazam. 

c . 2 Rakats Waj ibut Tawaf. 

d. Drink ZamZam. 

After this the Mufrid does not make his Sa'ee or cut his 
hair but will remain in Ihram till the 8* of Zil Haj and 
recite his Talbiyah constantly. 

8" Zil Haj: 

Depart for Mina after Fajr and remain in Mina till after 
Fajr of the 9 th . 

26. This Tawaf is sunnah. Outsiders are those that reside out of the 
Miqat boundary. 


9 Zil Haj: 

Depart for Arafah after Fajr and remain in Arafah till 
sunset. Leave for Muzdalifah after sunset without 
performing Maghrib salah at Arafat. 

10" Zil Haj (Night): 

Perform Maghrib and Esha salah at Muzdalifah. Spend 
the night here. Perform Fajr salah, make dua, gather 
pebbles then leave Muzdalifah for Mina just before 

10" Zil Haj (Day): 

Stone the Jamratul Kubra (Big Shaitan) only, with seven 
(7) pebbles. Cut or shave the hair of the head and remove 
the Ihram. Go to Makkah and perform your Tawafus 
Ziyarah. The first three rounds with Ramal. After the 
Tawaf/Wajibut Tawaf perform your Sa'ee and return to 

11' Zil Haj: 

Stone all three Jamarat starting with the Small Jamrah, 
seven stones each AFTER ZAWAL (MIDDAY) 7x3 = 

12" Zil Haj: 

The same as on the 11"'. Leave for Makkah before 



13" Zil Haj: 

If you remain in Mina, stone as above. 

Tawaful Wada'a (Farewell Tawaf): Perform this 
Tawaf before leaving for home (for non-Makkah 
residents only). 

Note: Although it is not compulsory to slaughter an 
animal, great blessings are associated with slaughtering 
in the Haram. Do not deprive yourself of the great 


8™ZilHaj: MINA 

Depart for Mina after sunrise. 27 " Five salah (Namazes) 
will be performed here. Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Esha and 
Fajr of the 9 th . It is sunnah to spend the night here. No 
specific activities to be carried out. Spend your time in 
reciting the Talbiyah, Salat wa Salaam (Durood), 
Istighfar and Praises of Allah. 

As the following five days are extremely important do 
NOT waste your time in idle talk and gossip. The Quran 
lays great emphasis on Zikr (Remembrance of Allah) 
during these days. 

| KITABUL HAJ | 1~53 

9" Zil Haj: ARAFAH 

After sunrise 27b on the 9 th leave for Arafah. 

You will be in your camp at Arafah. Busy yourself with 
various forms of Zikr (Remembrance of Allah). 

After Zawal (midday) have a bath 28 if possible (as it is 
sunnah), otherwise wudu will suffice. If you can make it 
to the Masjidun Namirah, perform Zuhr and Asr 
combined with one Azaan and two Takbirs with the 
Imam. The young and the adventurous are encouraged 
to go to Masjidun Namirah for Zuhr and Asr. 

Owing to the vast crowd and multitude of camps, rather 
stay within your camp for fear of getting lost (for the 
weak and old). 

In your camp you will perform Zuhr and Asr separately 
in their own times. This is Abu Hanifa's view. Imams 
Shafi, Malik, Hambal, Abu Yusuf and Imam 
Muhammed are of the opinion that Zuhr and Asr can be 
combined anywhere in Arafah. 

27a-b. A recommended departure time, but might not be possible 
owing to transport problems. Traffic problems might ease with the 
introduction of the railway. 
28. Water is now freely available and it is possible to have a bath. 


Wuqoof (Lit: Stopping/Waiting) IsafardhofHaj. The 
condition for Wuqoof is to be present at Arafah or pass 
through Arafah from after Zawal (midday) on the 9th of 
Zil Haj till before the morning of the 10th (before Subh 
Sadiq) be it for a few seconds only. From Zawal it is 
sunnah to stand, hands raised, facing the Qiblah engaged 
in dua for as long as possible. Indulge in all types of Zikr 
as well. Owing to exhaustion one can sit, also drop 
one 's hands or rest. This will continue till sunset. 
Proceed to Muzdalifah after sunset, not before. 29 
Maghrib salah will not be performed at Arafah. 

10th Zil Haj (Evening): MUZDALIFAH 

So whenyou hasten from Arafah then remember Allah at 
the Holy Landmark and remember Him as He has 

(Quran 2-198) 

(Holy Landmark - Masharul Haraam at Muzdalifah) 

Muzdalifah: Maghrib and Esha will be performed 
combined with one Azaan and one Iqamah. The night 

29. Many people get caught in traffic jams between Arafah and 
Muzdalifah. If you are able bodied and do not have to care for old 
people, start walking. In factthis applies everywhere. 

has to be spent at Muzdalifah. Fajr will be performed at 

the earliest possible time; thereafter spend some time in 
dua, takbir, tahlil, talbiyah, etc in a standing position. 
This is the wajib wuqoof of Muzdalifah. 

One could pass through Muzdalifah or be there for a few 
moments which will be considered as wuqoof (between 
Subh Sadiq and sunrise). 

Collect seven or seventy pebbles at Muzdalifah for 
pelting at Mina. Remember, do not break stones for this 
purpose. (Pebbles are hardly available in Mina) 

The approximate size of a pebble will be slightly bigger 
than a pea. You will depart for Mina before sunrise. 

1 0th Zil Haj (Day): MINA 

Firstly today one has to pelt the Jamratul Kubra, 30 the 
Big Shaitan only. Stop reciting your talbiyah before 
pelting. Wudu is not required for pelting. 

How to pelt: Face the Big Jamrah with Makkah on your 
left and Mina on your right. 31 At a distance of about five 

30. The three Jamarat(Shaitans) are clearly marked. Between the 
Small and Middle Shaitan, the distance is 116 metres and between the 
Middle and Big Shaitan, 155 metres. 

31. If this is not possible, pelt from any direction. 



metres or less from the outer wall of the Jamrah, hold one 
pebble at a time in your right hand between the thumb 
and the index finger and throw it towards the Jamrah. 32 

One by one, throw all seven pebbles. See that all the 
pebbles fall as near to the Jamrah as possible (about three 
metres/yards) if thrown from a distance. A handful 
thrown once constitute one pebble only. 

What to recite when throwing pebbles: 

a. Rami (pelting): The time for pelting starts after 
sunrise till before Subh Sadiq (before the Fajr 
Azaan). (About 20 hours.) The old, women and the 
infirm should pelt as late as possible instead of early 

32. The wall is not the Shaitan and there is no need to aim your 
stones at the wall. The stone must fall within the walled area or about 
three metres from the wall. 

morning. Rami is wajib and has to be done 

b. Women and old people are warned NOT to go early 
and pelt owing to large crowds. The weak are under 
a constant threat of being injured. They must rather 
go later. 

c. In extreme cases someone else can be deputed to do 
the Rami (being afraid is no excuse). 

Note: The Jamarat has been redesigned to make stoning 
much easier (20 11). 

Slaughtering: (lOthZilHaj): 

And as for the camels, We have made them of the signs of 
Allah, for you therein is much good. So mention the 
name of Allah over them as they stand in a row, then 
when they fall down eat of them and feed the poor man 
who is content and the beggar. 

(Quran 22:36) 

And mention the name of Allah on the appointed days 
over beast of cattle that He has given them. Then eat 
thereof and feed the distressed one, the needy. 

(Quran 22:28) 



After pelting the Big Jamrah go to the slaughter-place of 
Mina to slaughter 33 a goat, sheep or one seventh portion 
of a camel, cow or ox. This is known as Damush Shukr 
(Hady) (Sacrificial of Thanks). After completing your 
sacrifice, get your hair cut or shaved. The Mufrid does 
not have to slaughter. 
Method of cutting the hair: 

Males: The best and most superior method is to shave 
the entire head. Start shaving from the right side 
downwards then the left side. 

The second method is to cut about one inch (2,5 cm) all 
round. This is rather difficult as the hair might not be of 
uniform size. Therefore, to avoid any doubt, rather 
shave the entire head. The shaving can be done 
personally or by anybody else. 

Abald person will merely pass the razor over his head. 

Ladies: Shaving the head for women is forbidden. The 
best method is to trim the end of the hair equivalent to 
the first joint of the forefinger (1 inch or 2.5 cm) or more. 
Gather all the hair at the end, wrap around the forefinger 
and cut that much. 

33. The time limit for slaughtering is from the morning of the 10th till 
before sunset on the 12th of Zil Haj. Slaughtering to be done within the 
Haram boundary. 

NOTE : Pelting must be done first, then slaughtering 
and finally cut or shave off one's hair (for Qiran and 
Tamattu only). Then take off your Ihram. 

You are now out of your Ihram and all previous 
prohibitions no longer apply except sex. Now leave for 
Makkah to perform your Tawafus Ziyarah. 

Then let them accomplish their needful acts of cleansing 
and let them fulfill their vows and make Tawaf of the 
Ancient House (Ka 'bah). 

(Quran 22:29) 

(Cleansing - cutting nails, hair, showering, etc.) 

Tawafus Ziyarah: The first three rounds of this Tawaf 
will be performed with Ramal (men only), i.e. chest out 
and at a brisk pace (if your Ramal causes inconvenience 
or injury to others rather abandon it). The remaining 
four rounds (shawts) at normal walking pace (for 
Tamattu and Ifrad only). The Qarin does not make 
Ramal as he does not have to make Sa'ee. For him a 
plain Tawaf. 



Perform two rakats Wajibut Tawaf after the Tawafus 

Ziyarah. 34 

Thereafter, go to Safa and perform your Sa'ee of Safa 

Marwah (Tamattu/Ifrad). 35 

For men and women (not menstruating) the time for the 

Tawafus Ziyarah is from sunrise on the 1 Oth of Zil Haj 

till sunset on the 12th. This Tawaf CANNOT be made 

before the 10th. 

After completion of your Tawaf and Sa'ee, return to 

Mina. It is sunnah to spend the nights of the 1 1 th , 12" 1 and 

13 ,h inMina. 

Remember Allah in the numbered days. Then he who 

hastens off in two days (11"/12"), there is no sin on him and 

whoever remains behind (13"), there is no sin on him. 

(Quran 2:203) 
(Note: It is not compulsory to slaughter, cut the hair and 
perform Tawaf on the 10 th of Zil Haj, but can be delayed 
for another day or two.) 
11th Zil Haj (Mina) 

Today after Zawal one has to pelt the three Jamrahs 
starting with the one nearest to Masjid Khaif (The Small 
Jamrah), then the middle one and finally the last one 

34. The wife becomes halaal after the Tawafus Ziyarah. 

35. Rules for Tawaf and Sa'ee have been covered in the earlier 


(Big Shaitan) consecutively called Jamratul Ula, Wusta, 
Kubra. The time (on all two days) is between Zawal till 
Subh Sadiq (+1 5 hours). 
Pelting cannot be done before Zawal. 

The sequence according to the sunnah is first the Small 
Jamrah, then the middle and finally the large one. If 
possible, after pelting the first two Jamarat, stand aside, 
face Makkah and engage in dua on all three days. 
12th Zil Haj (Mina) 

The same procedure as on the 11 th . If you wish to return 
to Makkah, do so before sunset. It is makruh to leave 
Mina after sunset. 
13th Zil Haj (Mina) 

One has the option of remaining in Mina and pelting the 
Jamarat on the 1 3 th as well. In fact it is best to remain in 
Mina an extra day. Pelt after Zawal and leave Mina. 

Pelting Times: 11*-12*- After Zawal till Subh Sadiq. 
Due to massive crowds, one can stone after Maghrib or 
Esha until before Subh Sadiq (especially for the old, 
women and infirm). 
1 3th After Zawal till sunset 

Pebbles can also be picked up in Mina or anywhere else. 
If you are stoning on behalf of someone else, complete 
your stoning first, thereafter do his. 

| KITABUL HAJ | 1~62 

If one pelted in a wrong sequence (e.g. big/middle/small) 
dum is not compulsory. If time permits repeat the 
stoning according to the sunnah (Small/Middle/Big). 

Pelting missed on the 10 th , 11* or 12"' can be done the 
following day. A goat/sheep as penalty is compulsory. 
There is usually as very big rush to leave Mina on the 
12 th . Stone when the crowd has lessened (before 
Maghrib), then leave. 

Ignore fatwas that state pelting can be done anytime. On 
the first day one has 20 hours to pelt and the following 
two days 1 5 hours. On the 1 3 th six hours. Time -wise this 
is sufficient. 


Prior to your departure from Makkah one has to perform 
the Tawaful Wada'a (The Farewell Tawaf). This will be 
your last Tawaf in Makkah. It is performed as any 
ordinary Tawaf. Do make dua to Allah to bring you here 
again and again. If for any reason you are delayed in 
Makkah you can make nafl Tawaf after the Tawaful 
Wada'a, or go into the Haram Sharif for Salah etc. 

Those Hujjaj who leave for home directly from Mina 
can make the Tawaful Wada'a the morning before 
departure or a day before. 
| KITABUL HAJ | 1~63 

When you have completed your Haj rites then remember 
Allah as you remembered your forefathers, rather even 

(Quran 2:200) 


(Compulsory Acts. Sing: Fard) 

1 . Ihram: To be in Ihram with the intention of Haj and 
to recite the Talbiyah (Labbaik). 

2. Wuqoof Arafah: To be on the Plain of Arafah on 
the 9 th of Zil Haj after Zawal till before the morning 
of the 1 th (though it be for a few seconds). Morning 
means Subh Sadiq. 

3. Tawafus Ziyarah: To be performed from the 
morning of the 10 th Zil Haj till before sunset on the 
12 th . 

Any Fard omitted will render the Haj invalid and cannot 
be made up with any blood sacrifice (Dum). The Haj 
will have to be repeated. The exception being the 
Tawafus Ziyarah. No time limit exists for this Tawaf 
(see Violations). One can come back and perform 
Tawafus Ziyarah. (Dum will be applicable.) 





(Sing: Wajib) 

Wuqoof Muzdalifah: To be at Muzdalifah on the 

10" 1 between Subh Sadiq and sunrise (on the 

morning of the 1 th ), be it for a short while. 

To pelt the Jamarat (Shaitans). 

To make Sa'ee (between Safa-Marwah). 

To shave or cut the hair. 

Damush Shukr for the Qarin and Mutamatti. 

TawafulWada'a (Farewell Tawaf). 

The penalty for omitting a wajib is a blood sacrifice 
called Dum. The Haj will not be rendered invalid. A 
Haj with omissions or where one had to give a penalty 
cannot be called Haj Mabrur (an accepted Haj). 

Note: In some instances if a wajib act is omitted due to a 
valid reason, the blood sacrifice falls away, e.g. a 
severely ill person did not pelt the Jamarat himself. The 
same applies to old people and women who did not 
make wuqoof at Muzdalifah owing to massive crowds. 
No blood sacrifice is compulsory on them. 

Able bodied people must walk from Arafah to 
Muzdalifah if their vehicle has broken down or caught in 
a traffic jam. Otherwise Dum will be compulsory on you 
if you did not get to Muzdalifah before sunrise. 


1 . Ghusl before wearing the Ihram. 

2. Idtiba for the Tawaf of Umrah. 

3. To make Ramal of the first three rounds of Tawaf 

(followed by a Sa'ee). 

4. To make Ramal in Sa'ee (between the Green 


5. To be in Mina on the 8 th of Zil Haj and perform 5 

salahs there. 

6. Perform ghusl in Arafah. 

7. To spend the night in Muzdalifah. 

8 . To spend the nights in Mina ( 1 0'7 1 1 "7 1 2 th ). 

9. To stone on the 13 th of Zil Haj after Zawal. 

(Not a detailed list) 


1 . To omit any sunnah of Haj . 

2. To use soap when in Ihram. (when bathing) 

3. Combing of the beard/hair. (In Ihram). Also kliilal in 


4. Smelling fragrant substances. (In Ihram). 

5 . Vain talk in Tawaf and Sa'ee. (Worldly matters). 

6. Loud reading in Tawaf. 



7. To omit Rami and Idtiba in Tawaf, without a valid 

8. To omit the two rakat Wajibut Tawaf for later and 
proceed with a second tawaf. (Except after Asr and 

9. To delay between two shawt (circuits) in Tawaf and 
Sa'ee for no valid reason. 

10. To delay the Sa'ee after Tawaf for no valid reason. 

1 1 . To perform Maghrib-Esha in Arafat or along the road 
before reaching Muzadlifah. 

1 2 . To walk in such a manner to inconvenience other Hujjaj 
or cause injury. (This is in fact Haraam). This same 
applies to the behaviour of Hujjaj at the Hajr Aswad. 

1 3 . Picking up stones at the Jamarat for stoning. 


Haj is not compulsory on children. If a person takes his 
child/children for Haj, the reward accrues to the parent. 
The same rules of Haj apply to them as adults. No 
penalty is liable for violations by small children. 


Women can perform salah behind the Imam of both 
Harams. They can also join in janazah (for the deceased) 
and Jumu'ah salah. The Ihram for women is their 


Haj Programme Diagram 
8-13 Zil Haj 

8th to 

10th Tawaf 



11-12(13) in Mina 




«*At AT 

normal clothing. They can also wear shoes and 
jewellery. The face will remain exposed. Menstruating 
women will bath, wear their clothing, make the intention 
of Ihram and recite the talbiyah (softly). Such women, 
when arriving in Makkah will not enter the Al-Masjidul 
Haraam. A condition for entering the Al-Masjidul 
Haraam is purity (Taharah/Paaki) and wudu for Tawaf. 
You will go to Mina/Arafah/Muzdalifah. Taharah is 
not a condition there. All forms of duas, Praises of 
Allah, repentance, talbiyah can be recited. One can also 
pelt the Shaitan in a state of menstruation. 

The Tawafus Ziyarah, which must be performed 
between the 10 th and 12 th of Zil Haj, menstruating 
women are not bound by the above limit. When the flow 
of blood ceases, she will bath and then perform her 
Tawafus Ziyarah. It can happen that a woman is booked 
to leave for her country and she has not performed her 
Tawafus Ziyarah. She cannot leave Makkah without 
performing her Tawafus Ziyarah. 36 Women are 
advised to take necessary precautions when coming for 
Haj. If your menstruation clashes with the Haj days you 
have the following options: 

36. Your husband never becomes Halal for you until this Tawaf is 
performed (see Penalties 2a). 

1. Delay your departure from Makkah so that your 
menstruation cycle completes naturally. Perform 
your Tawafus Ziyarah and Farewell Tawaf then leave. 
This is the best option but might not be possible. 

2. Usage of medicine to delay the menstrual flow. Your 
doctor will advise you on this. This is permissible. At 
the time of departure, a menstruating woman is 
excused from performing the Tawaful Wada'a. 

Other prohibitions: 

She does not make Ramal in Tawaf, i.e. walk at a brisk 
pace with the chest out. Whilst making Tawaf keep a 
clear distance from the Ka'bah and the men. 
She will not run the short distance between the Green 
Lights in Safa/Marwah. 

Owing to large crowds she must not push her way 
through to the Hajr Aswad or perform salah near Maqam 

She must cut about 1 inch (2.5cm) of her hair after 
Rami/Qurbani. Shaving the hair of the head is forbidden. 

Modern women with very short hair resembling that of 
males are faced with a very tricky problem. How are 
you going to cut your hair? Muslim women are strongly 



advised to let their hair grow naturally and not 
impersonate modern unisex trends, which is haraam. 

She must ensure that her body is properly covered when 
coming into the Al-Masjidul Haraam and also during 
Tawaf. Avoid wearing very thin or see-through material. 
Women from some countries come very badly dressed 
in the Al-Masjidul Haraam. This is an insult to the 
Sacred Masjid. The most a woman can expose of her 
body is her hands up to the wrists, face and feet up to the 
ankles. If a quarter or more of the arm, neck or hair is 
exposed, the Tawaf will not be valid. Unless necessary, 
do not hold your husband's hand during Tawaf. You can 
make Tawaf on your own without a male companion. 
Leave the Mataf before salah commences. 
If you cannot enter the Al-Masjidul Haraam during the 
last few days due to overcrowding, perform salah in 
your room. 

When coming to be Al-Masjidul Haram do not use any 
form of perfume . (or any masjid) 

When pelting the Shaitan at Mina, go after Maghrib or 
Esha when the crowd has thinned out. 

Soiled underwear and the (Napaak/Najis) Ihram can be 
taken off, replaced or washed whilst in Ihram. 

If the husband or mahram dies on Haj, the woman can 
complete the Haj on her own and return home. 

Ladies are advised to read my book "Lady in Haj and 
Umrah " for more details. 


Every Haji or Mu'tamir must keep himself 
constructively occupied during his stay in Makkah. The 
best form of Ibadah is Nafi Tawaf. Nafl Tawaf is 
superior to nafl salah in the Al-Masjidul Haraam. The 
reason being obvious that salah can be performed 
anywhere in the world but Tawaf cannot be performed at 
any place but the Ka'bah. 37 

Some Nafl Tawaf Regulations: 

For all forms of Tawaf wudu is compulsory 

No specific clothing is required as long as the body is 
covered properly. No ramal or idtibah. A Nafl Tawaf 
also consists of seven rounds (shawts). Tawaf can be 
suspended for five salah, janazah salah or the wudu 

37. People who make Tawaf of graves or so-called sacred places 
know that your Tawaf is the highest act of ignorance. Tawaf is a 
religious act reserved for the Ka'bah only. 



The Tawaf can be completed from where it was left off, 
e.g. three rounds were completed when salah began. 
After the salah perform four rounds and the Tawaf is 

After every Tawaf perform two rakats Waj ibut Tawaf. If 
it is a makruh time perform your salah later on. 

Makruh Times: 8 (Nafl Salah) 

From Subh Sadiq till sunrise. 
From Asr till sunset. 

You could then perform several Tawafs and perform your 
salah later on. There are no prohibited times for Tawaf. 

In all Tawafs the starting point is the Hajr Aswad and the 
Hatim has to be encircled. 

It is not compulsory to perform the Wajibut Tawaf at 
Maqam Ibrahim. You can even make it at your 
residence. Queuing to make Istilam should be before 
proceeding with the first round or on completion of the 
seventh round. It is sunnah to perform your Tawaf 
without a break. 

Do not push or fight your way to the Hajr Aswad. To 

38. Shafi scholars are of the view that no prohibited/makruh salah 
times exist in Makkah. 

behave in such a manner is haraam. Kissing the Hajr 
Aswad is sunnah. 

The Rukn Yamani (Yamani corner) is to be touched with 
both hands or the right hand. Kissing the Rukn Yamani 
or placing one's head thereon is not allowed. There is no 
need to lift one's hand at Rukn Yamani. 

Whilst performing Tawaf do not face or look at the 
Ka'bah. You only face the Ka'bah when making Istilam 
of the Hajr Aswad. 

If you have forgotten the number of shawts whilst 
making Tawaf rely on that which your heart inclines. 

Tawaf can be made for the living or the dead, i.e. to ask 
Allah to pass the reward (thawab) to the third party. 

Apart from Tawaf, the recitation of the Quran, Zikr 
(Remembrance of Allah) is also important. Try to spend 
more time in the Masjid than at your lodgings (this 
applies to Makkah and Madinah). Looking at the 
Ka'bah is also an act of worship (ibadah). 

Nafl salah in the Hatim is equivalent to that of salah in 
the Ka'bah. Try to go to the Multazam to make dua, not 
necessarily after Tawaf. Avoid reading unauthentic 
matter like Dua Jameelah, Durood Taj or other duas. 



Adhere to the duas of the Quran and the authentic 
Ahadeeth of Rasulullah (M;). 


The Umrah for the Qarin and Mutamatti has been 
explained in their respective sections. We are briefly 
revising it here again for those who might want to 
perform Umrah only. 

1 . Wear Ihram at Miqat or if you are in Makkah then go 
outside the Haram boundary. 

2. Two rakats Salatul Ihram followed by the intention 
and talbiyah. 

3. Come to the Al-Masjidul Haraam and perform (a) 
Tawaf of the Ka'bah. (b) 2 rakats salah (Wajibut 
Tawaf). (c) Visit the Multazam. Drink Zam Zam. 
(d) Sa'ee of Safa-Marwah. (e) 2 rakats salah 
(Mustahab). (f) Shave or cut the hair of the head. 
The Umrah is complete and the Mu'tamir can 
remove his Ihram. 

Detailed advice is available in the earlier chapters on 
Ihram/Tawaf/Sa'ee and cutting of the hair. 

Those people performing Umrah only, consult my 
book "Kitabul Umrah". 



(Performing Haj on behalf of a third party) 

If a Muslim died without performing Haj and instructed 
his heirs to get a Haj performed on his behalf or is 
permanently disabled and unable to perform Haj 
personally, a deputy can perform Haj on behalf of such a 
person. It is best to send a person who has performed 
Haj and is aware of the rituals. The deputy can only 
perform Qiran or Ifrad. 39 The deputy should be given 
sufficient funds for transport, boarding, lodging and 
costs related to Haj . 

The deputy cannot use any of these monies for buying 
presents or gifts. It is advisable that the deputy take 
general permission to spend on behalf of the deceased/ 
invalid in charity where necessary. 

A person who did not make Haj and died with no money 
does not qualify as a Haj Badal case. A Nafl Haj can be 
made on behalf of him by his well-to-do relatives. 

Severely ill and wheel-chair cases must rather have a 
Haj Badal performed on their behalf instead of being a 
burden on their family and insisting to go to Makkah. 
This is contrary to Quranic Teachings. 

39. A difference of opinion exists on Tamattu. Some authorities 
maintain that one performing Haj Badal can perform Tamattu. 



1. Janazah salah is performed after the fardh salah. 
Wait a minute or two after salah. Females can also 
participate in the janazah salah. 

2. Tahajjud azaan is made about one hour before Fajr 

3. When performing salah in the Al-Masjidul Haraam, 
face the Ka'bah. If you do not face the Ka'bah, your 
salah will not be valid. 


(The Traveller's Salah) 
If a person travels more than 80km from home and stays 
less than 1 5 days at any place whilst travelling, he/she is 
classed as a musafir (traveller). 

A musafir performing salah on his/her own or with 
fellow travellers will reduce the Fard rakats of Zuhr, Asr 
and Esha from four (4) to two (2). 

The two sunnah of Fajr and three Witr of Esha are 
important and NOT to be left out. 

The balance of the sunnah and nafl are optional. 

The fairest opinion in the matter of sunnah and nafl is if 

your condition is settled, perform them and if you are on 
the move, omit them. 

Consult an Aalim as to when do you remain a musafir in 
Makkah. The rules are different from normal safr rules. 


For those who are performing Qiran or Tamattu, the 
slaughter of one animal is compulsory according to Haj 
rites. It is not binding on one performing Ifrad. This 
sacrifice is known as Damush Shukr (Sacrificial of 
Thanks or Hady). Apart from this, if you have sufficient 
funds and have been staying in Makkah for more than 1 5 
days, the normal annual Qurbani is also compulsory on 
you. That means for certain people the sacrifice of two 
animals becomes binding. One for the Haj rite (Hady) 
and the other is the annual one. 

All animals that will be slaughtered for the fulfillment of 
Haj rites, Qurbani, etc. should have the following 

The animals should be healthy, not lame, blind, very old, 
sickly, horns broken or ears cut off. Hornless (from 
birth) and castrated animals are permissible. 




- 1 year old or big in size 

- 1 share 


-2 years old 



- 5 years old 


Shortage of funds: 

Those Hujjaj on whom one animal is wajib 
(Tamattu/Qiran) and do not have sufficient funds to 
slaughter must fast three (3) days before the 10" 1 of Zil 
Haj and seven (7) days after Haj. This will make up for 
being unable to perform the Damush-Shukr. It is better 
to fast three days consecutively but it can be broken up 
over several days. 

When arriving in Saudi Arabia the Haji is advised to put 
aside his money for Damush Shukr (Hady) and any 
other obligations. Reckless spending causes many a 
Haji to be penniless before the days of Haj . 


For the past few years coupons are sold to Hujjaj where 
the administering authority slaughters your animal on 
your behalf. This meat is frozen, packed, then sent to 
poor Muslim countries. The following advice is given 
to the Haji: 
Pelt the Big Shaitan on the 10 th . Find out from the 

slaughter-house if your animal is slaughtered. If you are 
unable to do so, remain in your Ihram. Perform your 
Tawafus Ziyarah and return to Mina. On the 12 th of Zil 
Haj cut your hair just before sunset (by then your animal 
should be slaughtered). Thereafter remove your Ihram. 

Note: One or two persons in possession of at least 30 
coupons are allowed into the slaughter-house to witness 
the slaughtering of their animals. 

Stricter control over wastage is being implemented at 
the general slaughter-houses in Mina. Your animal at 
times is NOT slaughtered immediately. Be sure when 
your animal is slaughtered, then remove your Ihram. 
Too many people are in a hurry to remove their Ihram as 
quickly as possible on the 1 th . Why? 

(Note: Saudi Ulama maintain that after pelting on the 
1 0"' one can cut ones hair and remove the Ihram as the 
slaughterhouse is proxy to the slaughter of your animal.) 


The Haji is warned to stay off all prohibited activities, 
not following set procedures and participation in any 
makruh actions. Violations could result in any of the 



a. The Haj becoming nullified and to be repeated later; 

b. To give out charity (about two kilos of wheat); 

c. To give blood sacrifice (Dum) in the form of sheep, 
goat or a seventh portion of an ox or camel (when a 
wajib act is omitted without a valid reason); 

d. To slaughter an ox or camel (all seven parts). 

Items b, c and d will lower the quality of your Haj and such 
a Haj cannot be called an acceptable Haj (Haj Mabrur). 

Items like fragrant soaps, sweets, cosmetics, scented 
drinks, etc. should also be avoided. 

Certain prohibitions are repeated for the Haji. The 
prohibitions apply to the Haji/Mu'tamir whilst in a state 

1 . Wearing of sewn (stiched/tailored) garments (males). 

2. Covering the head (males) or face (females). 40 
Usage of an umbrella or seeking shelter in the shade 
is permissible. Small umbrellas fitting on the head 
like a hat are not allowed. 

3. Plucking, cutting or trimming the hair or nails. 
Excessive scratching. 

4. Wearing of shoes (males). 

5. To kiss, touch sensually, do or say anything that 

40. Those people who cover their face and head when sleeping 
must be careful, whilst in Ihram this can be a problem. 

causes sexual excitement. 

6. Sexual intercourse. 

7. Vulgar/abusive language/quarreling. 

8. Breaking plants, trees or harming animals of the 
Haram (dangerous insects, reptiles, etc. are 

9. Fragrant items (mentioned earlier). 

Included here are a few common violations and their 

1. Entering Makkah in normal clothing (without 
Ihram) : sheep or goat. 

2. a. Tawafus Ziyarah made during menses, post- 

natal bleeding (nifaas) or in a state of impurity 

(Hadath Akbar, where a bath is compulsory) : a 

camel or an ox. 
b. Tawafus Ziyarah made without wudu : one 

sheep or goat. 
If (a) or (b) are repeated properly within the time 
limit, the penalty falls off. 

3. Delaying the Tawafus Ziyarah beyond the 12th of 
Zil Haj without a valid reason : a sheep or a goat. A 
menstruating woman is exempted from the 
aforementioned penalty. She will make her 



Tawafus Ziyarah when she is over with her 

4. Tawaful Wada'a (Farewell Tawaf) - if left out : a 
sheep or goat. A menstruating woman is exempt 
from this Tawaf. 

5. Leaving Arafah before sunset on the 9 th for 
Muzdalifah : sheep or goat. The penalty falls off if 
one re-enters the Arafat boundary before sunset. 

6. Scratching the body, beard, head, etc. causing hair 
to fall : a few handfuls of wheat or its value. 

7. Did not make Wuqoof of Muzdalifah without any 
valid reason (i.e. between Subh Sadiq and sunrise - 
1 th Zil Haj) : a goat or sheep. 

To make any blood sacrifice in advance for any 
mistakes that might occur later is of no value. Refrain 
from doing so. Sacrifice is made after the violation. 
Avoid including Dum shares with Qurbani or Damush 
Shukr shares as Dum meat is exclusively for the poor. 
Rather slaughter a goat or sheep. If one did not pay the 
Dum penalty and left for home, send it with someone 
who is going to Makkah as the penally does not expire. 
The slaughtering to be done within the Haram boundary. 



Once the Ihram is worn with the intention of Haj or 
Umrah, the Ihram cannot be removed without fulfilling 
one's intention. Where one is prevented from going for 
Haj or Umrah due to hijacking, outbreak of war, serious 
illness or missing a flight, there is a possibility that one 
can miss the Haj or be unable to perform Umrah. The 
following could happen: 

a) Unable to reach Makkah at all and have to return 
home (Haj or Umrah). 

b) Reach Makkah after Haj. 

A case of this nature can be remedied as follows: 
a) Cannot reach Makkah: One can forward money 
equivalent to the price of a sheep or goat to be 
slaughtered in the Haram. When the sacrifice is 
made you are now able to remove the Ihram. If you 
cannot send any money or have the animal 
slaughtered in the Haram, then slaughter the animal 
in your country and remove the Ihram. 

The Qarin will slaughter two animals, the Mufrid, 
Mutamatti and Mu'tamir one animal. Haj or Umrah 
must be repeated later. 


b) Reaching late: Owing to some problem one did not 
reach Arafat on the 9 th of Zil Haj. Such aperson then 
performs an Umrah only and removes his Ihram. 
Haj will have to be repeated. Hujjaj who do not 
make it to Arafat on the 9 th fall into the above 


The Haj is governed by various rules and regulations. 
These have been dealt with in the preceding chapters. 
Over and above the rules, is the spirit of Haj. If the 
spirit is absent the Haj becomes a dry and lifeless ritual. 
Man is not a machine that is put in motion by fixed laws 
like a car. He has a soul, mind and heart. Love and 
emotion propel him and no fixed laws exist for them. 
We read in the Fada'il section (Virtues) of the rewards of 
various deeds and actions in the Haramain Sharifain 
(The Two Noble Sanctuaries). These exhortations 
increase the eagerness of the Haji, arouse sentiments of 
faith and awaken his spirit. To complete his spirit of total 
submission and obedience, he is also warned to stay 
away from certain deeds. 

The learned and pious have portrayed the Haj in various 
ways to awaken the spirit of love and rekindle the 

dormant embers within the bosom. We give here some 
selected interpretations. 

The Lesson of Love: 

The Haj rites are a repetition of a saga of love, dedication 
and total submission, i.e. the incident of Ibrahim 
(Alayhis Salaam) and his son Ismail. It is a preservation 
of the legacy of Ibrahim and the renewal of our bond and 
contact with him. It is this love that stirs the Haji out of 
his home and native land to the sacred town of Allah. 
This love transcends his love for his family, wealth and 
possessions. Everything is left behind. 

The Ihram and Miqat: 

The Miqat is the border taking the pilgrim into an area 
that is most sacred. He has to condition his mind and 
body towards this sacred place by donning the Ihram 
and reciting the Talbiyah. He must shun many 
permissible fineries of this world like fragrant 
substances, good clothing and if his wife is 
accompanying him, he has to remain aloof from her. The 
temper has to be severely checked and the tongue 
controlled. All this is a purification and conditioning for 
presentation at His Court. 



I am present O Allah 
I am present 

The Talbiyah stirs in him the flame of love and devotion. 
It unites him with the Prophets (Alayhimus Salaam) and 
their followers, thus linking and reminding him of that 
rich period that existed before. He has worn the national 
robe of Islam thus attuning him spiritually to the 
sublimity of his mission. It imposes on him a strict 
sense of discipline. The discipline will stand him good 
in the period after Haj and also the Hereafter. The 
equality of man is most aptly illustrated here. Not only 
wealth and rank but all geographical, national and racial 
boundaries are demolished here. 

The Haji is exhorted to respect and magnify the 
landmarks of Allah. His landmarks are the places 
associated with Haj and the acts of Haj. The mere sight 
of these landmarks creates a reverence for the Creator. 
They are not only connected with the Creator but also 
with His Beloved ones namely Ibrahim, Ismail, Hajar 
and Muhammad (j^p, ). 

(Mash'ar plural Masha'ir- Landmarks/Holy Sites) 
A high form of bondage is displayed by the Haji in his 
Tawaf of the Ka'bah. Bare-headed, dressed in his white 
robes supplicating his Creator. A spirit of absolute 

obedience resembling Ibrahim's obedience is observed. 
Ibrahim never questioned or doubted His Master's 
instructions. This blessed congregation in Makkah and 
its environs attract the Mercy and Blessings of Allah. 
Nowhere and so selflessly has such a large congregation 
assembled to hallow His Glorious Name and carry out 
unflinchingly His Commands. Shaitan faces a 
humiliating defeat during Haj, especially at Arafah. No 
proud and boastful recruits, no disobedient followers to 
march behind his train. In the words of Rasulullah (^) 
"that Shaitan is not seen more humiliated, disgraced 
angry, and more small than on the Day of Arafah ". 

Talha bin Ubaidullah (■c^Ai\ r i i> ) Malik 

At Safa-Marwah the intensity of a mother's love is 
portrayed here. But the love of the Creator for His 
creation is far more. Also on the Day of Qiyamah man 
will be running from pillar to post. Here our search will 
be for someone to intercede and plead on our behalf. Let 
this running (Sa'ee) reminds us of things to come. It 
also reminds us that life is but a few turns between two 
points (birth-death). Let this short march place our 
hearts on our real destination and not distract us. 

The multitude has gathered at Arafah. Hands raised in 



dua. Begging for Mercy, Forgiveness and seeking His 

"All of you are sinners and the best among the sinners 
are the repenters ". 

Anas bin Malik (*^-'%^>) Tirmizi/Ibn Majah 

The weakness of man, his helplessness and his total 
dependence on his Creator is manifested here. Pride, 
independence, rank and wealth is demolished here. All 
appearing in one garb, humbly imploring their Master. 
There is no other Master, no other Lord and no deity 
except Him. The day of Qiyamah is again re-enacted here. 

On pelting the Shaitan, he rebels against the Accursed 
One. Refusing to accept him as his friend. He defies him 
and knows that he cannot rely and trust him. This is the 
same one who tried to deter Khalilur Rahman (the friend 
of Allah - Ibrahim). The revolt of Ibrahim is revived by 
the Haji. He will resist the Shaitan and all those who 
want to sway his obedience and submission away from 
the Creator. This defiance also applies to temptation and 
desire. They will not be allowed to rule him. His true 
ruler is Allah. Then comes the sacrifice. Placing of 
one's wealth or part of one's wealth as Allah commands. 

Then eat thereof and feed the distressed one, the needy. 

(Quran 2 2:28) 
| KITABUL HAJ | 1 89 

Your wealth is not yours. As the Lord commands him, 
spend it accordingly. He has no absolute control of that 
wealth which is given to him. When slaughtering the 
animal, slaughter the greed, lust and self at the same 
time. As the life of the sacrificial animal comes to an 
end, let the animal within also die. 

After cleansing himself, he now goes to Makkah to 
perform his duties there. He has removed all the idols of 
the self. Some shattered to pieces by stoning, some 
slaughtered to death. Now the heart has place for His 
forgiveness. When this is all completed now remember 
Him. If this is achieved then it is success all the way. 

When you have completed your Haj rites then remember 
Allah as you remembered your forefathers, rather even more. 

(Quran 2:200) 
Finally, the Haji has to leave. The place has become too 
beloved to him. Separation is going to be painful. With 
a heavy heart he enters the Al-Masjidul Haraam. 
Weepingly, he performs his Farewell Tawaf and parts 
with the Ka'bah most sorrowfully. 
And among them is he who says: "Our Lord, give unto us 
in this world that is good and in the Hereafter that which 
is good and save us from the punishment of the fire. For 
them there is in store a goodly portion out of that which 
they have earned ". 

(Quran 2:201/2) 



Attachment to Rasulullah (^jj) in his life and in death is 
part of one's Iman. The deeper the attachment the 
stronger the Iman. 

The Prophet has a higher claim on the believers then 
(they have on) their ownselves. 

(Surah Ahzab : 6) 

It is for this reason and the following Hadith that every 
Haji and Mu'tamir goes to Madinah. 

Abdullah bin Umar ( <~£-tiJl r u=> ) relates from Rasulullah 
(4&)> "He who visits my grave, my intercession is 
compulsory for him ". 


In the light of the above Hadith, a visit to Makkah 
without going to Madinah is incomplete. 
Another reason for going to Madinah is visiting the Al 
Masjidun Nabawi and performing salah therein. 


J'S \tf\'4 Sm' S \\' *\' iJ\ 

On the way to Madinah, recite Salat wa Salaam (Durood 
Sharif) continuously. An eagerness to reach Madinah 
and present one's self in the Al Masjidun Nabawi should 
be in one's heart and as the destination nears, this 
eagerness should increase. 

On sighting Madinah, recite the following dua: 



After settling down, have a bath, change into clean 
clothing and leave for the Masjid in one's best condition. 
Enter from Bab Jibril 41 and proceed to the Raudul 
Jannah. Perform two rakats Tahiyatul Masjid. 
Thereafter go into Sajdah and thank Allah for bringing 
you here and ask Him for that which you desire. 

Now present yourself at the Muwajaha Sharif (i.e. the 
grave of Rasulullah (||j). Stand slightly distant from the 
brass railing and begin reciting the salam, as if you were 
addressing the Nabi (^jfe) himself (your back will be 
towards the Ka'bah). 

41. You could enter from any other door as well. 


<J.l /l./li. 7 < 

If anyone has asked you to present his/her salaams, do so 
in the following words: 

<u)t 3>^> ^ &yj&^& \ 


Move two steps sideways (an arm's length), towards the 
right to enable you to face the grave of Abu Bakr 
(■t^-tUI^). The following salam is to be recited: 

Having recited this salaam, move another step to the 
right so that you face the grave of Umar (-c^dl^). Recite 
as hereunder: 


Thereafter move sideways towards the left and recite the 
combined salam to Abu Bakr ( <i^<ijLfa> ) and Umar 

After this, return to Rasulullah's (jjSfc) section, recite the 
following verse of the Quran and make dua for yourself, 
family members, friends and Muslims in general. Dua 
is made to Allah only. None except Allah can grant 
our wishes. 

"And if they did wrong then came to you and sought 
forgiveness from Allah and the Prophet sought 
forgiveness for them they will find Allah Most Forgiving 
and Merciful". 

(Surah Nisa : 64) 

Prior to your departure from Madinah, go and perform 
your farewell salam. The salam is the same as mentioned 
earlier and pray to ALLAH to bring you here again and 


NOTE: The author and those associated with the 
publication of the booklet humbly request the reader 
to convey their salams at the grave of Rasulullah (j$p). 


1. In your enthusiasm to perform salah in the 
established places, do not be rude or cause injury to 

2. Refrain from worldly talks and do not raise your 
voice in the Masjid. 

3. Bear all hardships and difficulties with a smile. Do 
not complain. 

4. Spend as much time as possible in the Al Masjidun 
Nabawi. On entering every time make an intention 

5. Switch off your cell (mobile) phone both in Masjid 

Nabawi and Masjid Haraam. 
The following places are generally where the Hujjaj are 
taken for Ziyarah. Other places have been closed up or 
demolished due to overzealous activities of the pilgrims. 
See that you give most of your attention to the 
following: Al Masjidun Nabawi and Al Masjidul 
Haraam. Spend plenty of time in them and return home 
spiritually elevated. 


1. AL MASJIDUN NABAWI: It being the most 
important part of one's visit to Madinah, here are a 
few aspects relating to the Al Masjidun Nabawi: 
Ladies enter from Door 1 7 and for salami Door 25 . 
Raudul Jannah: (Raudatul Jannah) This is a 
small portion of the Masjid which is part of Jannah 
(see Kitabul Fada'il). Everybody rushes to the 
portion which can only accommodate a few 
hundred or even less. 

Pushing, jostling and arguments occur frequently. 
Rather perform salah when the place is empty and 
move away to a less crowded place. The area 
demarcating the Raudul Jannah has white pillars 
and off-white carpets (the white pillars in 
Uthman's ( ^.dJI^ ) extension are not part of 
Raudul Jannah). 42 

Pillars: There are certain pillars in the Masjid which 

have a special significance. 

42. Study the diagrams carefully of Al Masjidun Nabawi whilst in 
Madinah and theAl Masjidul Haraam for the Umrah. 



a. UstuwanahMukhallaqah: 

The Perfumed Pillar. (Ustuwanah = Pillar. 
Mukhallaqah = Perfumed). Rasulullah (§£) used to 
perform his salah here. On this spot is buried the 
palm trunk that Rasulullah ( §£ ) used as a mimbar. 
This pillar is welded to the right side of the mihrab 
of Rasulullah (4|). 

b. UstuwanahAishah: 

Rasulullah (M;) used to perform his salah here also. 
Great blessings and virtues are associated with this 

c. Ustuwanah Sarir: 

Sleeping place of Rasulullah ( M ) during I'tikaf 
(Sarir = bed). 

d. Ustuwanah Tawbah: 

(Pillar of Repentance). A Sahabi chained himself to 
this pillar, having realised that he committed a 
mistake, refused to be unchained unless Allah 
forgives him. (Tawbah = Repentance). 

e. Ustuwanah Hars: 

A Sahabi used to stand guard here to protect 
Rasulullah ( |§: ) (Hars = guard). 

f. Ustuwanah Wufud: 

Deputations visiting Rasulullah (gfc) used to be 
housed near this pillar. (Wufud = Deputations). 

Apart from the Raudul Jannah there is a mark on the 
pillars showing the original size of the Masjid during the 
life of Rasulullah (^ft); ten pillars from the room of 
Rasulullah (^) breathwise and ten pillars lengthwise 
(roughly 60 x 60 metres). 

The mihrab of Rasulullah (§j ) is also situated in Raudul 
Jannah. The mimbar and azaan section are outside the 
Raudul Jannah. 

Enter the Masjid with the intention of I'tikaf and try to 
spend as much time as possible in the Masjid. Be very 
careful of your behaviour and do not raise your voice. 
Do not miss a single salah in the Masjid with jamaat. If 
you go out on Ziyarah, be back on time. Try to spend at 
least eight (8) days in Madinah (see Kitabul Fada'il) 
though not compulsory. Do not kiss or touch any 
object for the sake of evoking a blessing. This act is 
reserved for the Hajr Aswad and the Quran. 

2. MASJID QUBA: This was the first masjid built in 

the vicinity of Madinah. Make a point of visiting it 



on Saturday after Fajr with wudu, as this was the 
habit of Rasulullah (^) (Bukhari). If this is not 
possible, then any other day will suffice. The 
masjid has been rebuilt and extended. 

3. UHUD: Uhud is a mountain on whose slope the 
battle of Uhud was fought in 3 A.H. Here all the 
martyrs are buried, the most prominent being 
Hamza («**%^>) the uncle of Rasulullah ( §). Try 
to visit Uhud on Thursday. 

4. MASJID QIBLATAIN: (The Masjid of Two 
Qiblahs). Salah was being performed in this masjid 
when the order to change the Qiblah was revealed 
(2 A.H.). Part of the salah was performed facing 
Jerusalem and the other part Makkah. Both are in 
opposite directions. This masjid has been rebuilt 
and extended. 

5. SABA'AMASAAJID: (Seven Masjids). On this 
site Rasulullah (gj) camped during the Battle of the 
Trench in 5 A.H. Several masjids were erected 
here to commemorate the various Muslim camps. 
Surprisingly they are not seven in number. The 
highest masjid is called Masjidul Fath (Victory 
Masjid) and is the actual spot where Rasulullah (gj) 
camped. A large new Masjid has been constructed 


here and there is a likelihood of all the smaller 
Masaajid being demolished. Now open to the 

6. MASJID IJABA: Three duas were made in this 
masjid by Rasulullah (^) of which the first two 
were accepted: 

(i) 'My Ummah will not be destroyed by famine' . 

(ii) 'My Ummah will not be destroyed by floods' . 

(iii) 'That my Ummah will not fight amongst 


Rebuilt in 1998. Open at salah times only. 

7. MASJID GHAMAMA: During the period of 

Rasulullah (^ ) stay in Madinah, Eid Salah used to 
be performed here. It is no longer used for this 
purpose. Open at salah times only. 

8. MASJID JUMU'AH: The first Jumu'ah salah 
was performed here. It is very close to Masjid 
Quba. Open at salah times only. 

9. There are several other masaajid where Rasulullah 
(M?-) performed salah. If your guide can show you 
these, try to visit them as well. Most are open at 
salah time only. 

10. AL BAQI: The ancient graveyard of Madinah. 

About 10 000 Sahabah are buried here including 
most of the wives of Rasulullah (^); all his 
daughters, his son Ibrahim, members of his family 

and Uthman, the third Khalifah ( 



). If 

possible visit it on Friday. Entry into the cemetery 
is at the discretion of the authorities. Usually after 
Fajr till Ishraq and Asr till Maghrib daily. If 
accompanying a janazah, you can enter at anytime. 
(Women are not allowed into the cemetery.) 

11. WELLS OF MADINA: There are several wells 
in Madinah from which Rasulullah (4&) drank. 
Water exists in some, though most cannot be easily 
reached. Some have been covered up with the new 

12. The local date market is worthy of visiting. A large 
variety of Madinah dates are on sale here. 
Remember that Rasulullah (^j) also asked Allah 
Ta' ala to bless the dates of Madinah (Muslim) . 


The most important part of Makkah is the Al-Masjidul 


Among places of interest are: 


Rasulullah (§j) and Abu Bakr (e^-tUI^) hid in a cave 
on this mountain before making hijrah to Madinah. 

2. CAVEOFHIRA(JabalNoor): 

Rasulullah (i$fe) spent many days and hours in this 
cave meditating. Jibril's (Alayhis Salaam) first visit 
to Rasulullah (.gfe) was in this cave. It is possible to 
climb to the top. The first verses of the Quran were 
revealed at the cave. 


Places where the Hujjaj gather during the days of 

4. MASJID KHAIF (Mina) : 

See Kitab Fada'il No. 2 1 . Try to perform salah here 
during the days of Haj . 


The local graveyard of Makkah. Khadijah (l^Jjl^), 
the most beloved wife of Rasulullah (^ ) is buried 
here. Many other Sahabah and saints are also 
buried here. One can enter the graveyard (men 

only) but the area where Khadijah ( l^^i 
buried has been sealed off. 






This is fairly close to Al Mualla. 


The Masjid of Arafah. Two salahs are made on the 
9"' of Zil Haj (Zuhr-Asr). The Masjid remains 
closed for the whole year. 

8. MASJID AQABAH (or Bai'ah): 

Masjid Aqabah is in Mina near the Big Jamrah. It is 
here that Rasulullah ( Ife) met the people of Yathrib 
(Madinah) who accepted Islam and invited the 
Rasool(^) to relocate to Madinah. 

Some places where Rasulullah (4jfc) performed his 


1 . Inside the Ka'bah. 

2. Behind the Maqam Ibrahim. 

3. Near the door of the Ka'bah. 

4. Opposite the HajrAswad. 

5 . In the Hatim, especially under the Mizab. 

6. Between the Rukn Yamani and the Hajr Aswad (a 
regular place before Hijrah. In this manner, he 
faced the Ka'bah and Masjid Aqsa). 


1. On seeing the Ka'bah. 

2. At the Multazam. 

3. While performing tawaf. 

4. Near the Mizab. 

5. The Hatim. 

6. Between the Rukn Yamani and the HajrAswad. 

7. Inside the Ka'bah. 

8 . At Maqam Ibrahim. 

9. At Safa and Marwah and in between the two. 

1 0. On the plains of Arafah (9" 1 of Zil Haj). 

1 1 . Muzdalifah ( 1 th night and morning till sunrise). 

12. Mina, especially after stoning the first two Shaitans 
on the H ,h , 12"'and 13 th ofZilHaj. 


(Virtues of Haj) 

1 . Abu Hurairah (***l|l^>) related that Rasulullah (If;) 
was questioned about the best action. He said: "To 
believe in A llah and His Prophet " 

Thereafter which action? "Jihad in the path of 
Allah". Then? Rasulullah (If:) replied: "An 
acceptable Haj " (Haj Mabrur). 









Abu Hurairah ( ■c&dJI^ ) says that Rasulullah (If;) 
said: "He who performed the Haj for the sake of 
Allah only, did neither have sex with his wife (whilst 
in Ihram), nor commit wrong, will return (sinless) 
home like the day his mother gave birth to him ". 


Abdullah bin Abbas ( <^-«l|L^ ) relates from 
Rasulullah (If;): "He who intends Haj should 
perform it as quickly as possible ". 

Abu Da'ud 
Abu Hurairah (*^*l|l J -b>) reports from Rasulullah 
(lfe) : "For the accepted Haj (Haj Mabrur) there is 
no reward except Jannah ". 


Abdullah bin Masood ( <^<i|L-b> ) reports that 
Rasulullah (§j) said: "Perform Haj and Umrah one 
after the other for surely they (Haj and Umrah) 
remove hunger and sins just as the furnace removes 
the impurities of iron, gold and silver". 


Abu Hurairah { JCs -*%^>) reports from Rasulullah 

(Ht) that "The Haji andMu 'tamir are the guests of 



Allah. When they make dua unto Him, He accepts 
and when they seek His Pardon, He forgives them ". 

Ibn Majah 

7. Abu Hurairah ( 




) narrates that "He who 

leaves home intending Haj, Umrah or Jihad, and 
dies on such a journey, Allah will give him the 
reward of Haj, Umrah or Jihad". 

Sahal-bin-Sa'ed (*^*i|lre>) relates that Rasulullah 
QUO said: "When a Muslim recites his Talbiyah, 
every stone and tree on his left and right recites the 
Talbiyah with him to the end of the earth ". 


Jabir bin Abdullah (^aIJI^) relates that Rasulullah 
(§j) said: "Salah performed in my Masjid is one 
thousand times superior to salah performed 
elsewhere except the Al-Masjidul Haraam, which 
is 100 000 times superior to any other masjid ". 


Abdullah bin Abbas (■c-z-M^ ) says that Rasulullah 
( Ok) addressed Makkah: "What a beautiful town 

43. The reward of all good deeds within the boundaries of the 
Haram are also 100 000 times (charity, slaughtering, fasting, salah in 
any masjid, etc.). 


you are and most beloved to me. If my people did 
not expel me from you I would have not stayed 
elsewhere ". 


11. Abdullah bin Abbas ( <ti^-Jj[ r i > ) relates from 
Rasulullah (^j) that Allah sends down one hundred 
and twenty mercies on the Ka'bah daily. Sixty 
mercies for the ones performing Tawaf forty for 
those performing salah around the Ka 'bah and 
twenty mercies for those looking at the Ka 'bah. 


of Allah and He shakes the creation 's hand with it". 
(Sahih Ibn Khuzaima, Vol 4, p. 221) 

14. Abdullah bin Umar (*^-*%re>) related that he heard 
Rasulullah (^) say: "The touching (of the Hajr 
Aswad) removes sins and whoever performs the 
Tawaf (according to rule) the reward is similar to 
that of the freeing of a slave and one does not place 
one s foot on the ground nor raise it (in Tawaf 
except that Allah removes a sin (from his deeds) 
and orders for him one good deed ". 


12. Abdullah bin Abbas (■t^<Jj[ r i>) says that Rasulullah 
(4|0 said (about Hajr Aswad): "I swear by Allah that 
He will raise it on the Day of Qiyamah in such a 
manner that it will have eyes to see and a tongue to 
speak, giving testimony about those who truthfully 
kissed it". 

Tirmizi/Ibn Majah 

13. On the authority of Abdullah bin Amr ( <~^^\^ ), 
Nabi Q|i) said: "Hajr Aswad will come on the Day 
of Qiyamah larger than Mount Abu Qubais. It will 
have a tongue and two lips and bear testimony for 
those who kissed it sincerely and it is the right hand 


15. Abu Hurairah (*^-*lJl > -b> ) narrates from Rasulullah 
(^) that 70 angels have been placed at Rukn 
Yamani. Whosoever recites the following dua at 
Rukn Yamani, they reply, "Aamien". 

Ibn Majah 



16. Abdullah bin Abbas (*^<i|l r e>) says that he heard 

Rasulullah (§) say: "The Multazam is a place 

where duas are accepted. Whosoever makes dua to 

Allah at it, He answers the dua ". 


17. Abdullah bin Amr (<^Jjl^) says he saw Nabi (4jp) 

place his mubarak body against the Baitullah 

between the Door and the Black Stone with his 

hands outstretched and his right cheek touching the 

Ka'bah and supplicated, (made dua) 

Abu Daud/Ibn Majah 

18. Sayyidah Aishah (U^Jjl^>) says that "I wanted to 

enter the Ka'bah and perform my salah in it. 

Rasulullah (^) caught my hand and placed me in 

the Hatim and said: "Perform your salah in the 

Hatim instead of going into the Ka 'bah since it is 

also a portion oftheKa 'bah ". 

Ibn Majah/Abu Daud 


Abdullah bin Amr («^-«l|l r ^>)relates that the Nabi @j) 
said: "Surely the Black Stone and the Maqam are 
two of the many rubies ofJannah. Almighty Allah 
has dimmed it's radiance. If Almighty Allah had 
not decreased the lustre of it, then it would have lit 
up whatever is between the east and west". 


20. Jabir bin Abdullah (*^*\l[ r i>J) heard from Rasulullah 
(§j) that the water ofZam Zam is for that (intention) 
for which it is drunk (that is whatever intention one 
makes while drinking the water, one will achieve 
that intention, e.g. for thirst, food, medicine, etc.). 

Ibn Majah 

21. Mujahid relates that seventy five Ambiya 
(Alayhimus Salaam) performed Haj. They made 
Tawaf of the Ka'bah and performed salah in the 
Masjid of Mina (Masjid Khaif). 


The Nabi (^jj) camped near Masjid Khaif in Mina 
during the Farewell Haj and performed his salah in 
this Masjid. 

22. Sayyidah Aishah ( U^lJI^) relates that Rasulullah 
($%. ) said: "There is no day in which Allah frees a 
slave (more) from the fire than the day of 
Arafah ". 


23. Amr-bin-Shuaib ( -c^-Jjl^ ) related from his 
grandfather who in turn related from Rasulullah 
(&)'■ "The best dua (prayer) is the dua (made on) 



the Day of Arafah. The best dua I made and the 
Prophets before me (is) "There is no god except 
A llah who is A lone and has no partner. For Him is 
the Kingdom and for Him is All Praise. He has 
power over all things ' ". 


(This dua is also known as the Fourth Kalimah) 

24. Sayyidah Aishah (l^icjjl^) relates from Rasulullah 
(4S0 that: "The stoning (of the Shaitan) and the 
Sa'ee between Safa and Marwah has been 
established for the remembrance of Allah ". 


25. Yahya-bin-Hussain reported on the authority of his 
grandfather that Rasulullah (JHfc) on the occasion of 
the Farewell Haj made dua thrice for those who 
shave their heads and once for those who cut their 



26. When the Nabi ( 4fc ) pelted the Jamrah closest to 
the Masjid of Mina (the Small Jamrah) with seven 
pebbles, He (4§: ) recited the Takbir with every 
pebble, thereafter moved forward, facing the 
Qiblah with raised hands for a long time. He (j^) 
came to the second (middle) Jamrah, did the same 
as above then moved to the left and made dua 
facing the Qiblah with raised hands. Finally, 
Rasulullah ( gj ) came to the Jamrah at Aqabah 
(Big), pelted it with seven pebbles, reciting the 
Takbir at each throw then moved away without 
stopping near it. 

Abdullah bin Umar(*^4|r-e>) ~~ Bukhari 

27. Abdullah bin Abbas ( •c&*l|l^ ) relates that a lady 
from the tribe of Khatham asked: "O Prophet of 
Allah, Allah 's commandment of His servants 
regarding Haj have come at a time when my father 
is very old, he cannot even mount his animal. Can I 
perform Haj on his behalf? " "Yes" replied 
Rasulullah (^). 


28. Madinah is pure. It purifies people like the fire 
removes the impurity of iron (some narrations have 
the word evil instead of sin). 

Abu Hurairah^'Ulj-y) Bukhari 

29. He who intends evil for the people of Madinah, 

Allah will melt him in the fire like the melting of 

lead or the dissolving of salt in water (one narration 

states deceives). » 

Saad (4^*1^) - Bukhari/Muslim 

30. Surely Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam) sanctified 
Makkah and made dua for it and I have sanctified 
Madinah as Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam) sanctified 

Abu Hurairah( *^4!re>) - Bukhari/Muslim 

31. Abdullah bin Umar ( -c^jjl^ ) relates from 

Rasulullah (j|j): "He who has performed Haj and 

did not visit me was unkind to me ". 


32. Abdullah bin Umar (*&%&) relates from Rasulullah 
(4j0: "He who visits my grave, my intercession is 
compulsory for him ". 

Another narration states: "If anyone of my Ummah 
has the means and does not visit me, he has no 
excuse ". 

Wafa ul Wafa 

33. Abu Hurairah ( *^-cUl r e> ) relates from Rasulullah 
(^|e): "Between my house and my mimbar is a 

garden from amongst the gardens of Jannah " 
(Raudul Jannah). 


34. Anas bin Malik (4^411^) relates from the Prophet 
(M*)'. "He who performs 40 salah in my masjid, not 
missing a single salah is granted exemption from 
the fire, exemption from punishment and shall 
remain free from hypocrisy ". 

Musnad Ahmad 

35. Sahl-bin-Hanif ( -c^dJI^ ) relates from Rasulullah 
(4&): "He who performs his wudu at home then 
comes to Masjid Quba and performs his salah 
therein, his reward is similar to performing 
Umrah ". 

Ibn Majah 

(One narration states 2 rakat and another narration 
states 4 rakat). 

36. Abdullah-bin-Umar (^Jl^) relates that Rasulullah 
(^§0 used to come to Masjid Quba every Saturday, 
at times walking or mounted and performed two 
rakat salah. 




37. Abdullah bin Umar (i^Jjl^) relates from Rasulullah 
(4$0 : "When you meet a Haji, greet him, shake 
hands with him and request him to seek repentance 
on your behalf before he enters his home because 
he is (already) forgiven ". 

Musnad Ahmad 


In the preceding pages we have been told that the only 
reward for a Mabrur Haj is Paradise. We also know that 
Haj purifies the believer to such an extent that he (the 
Haji) is likened to a new-born baby. Pure, innocent and 

The big test comes after the Haj. Are we going to 
complete the rest of our days in total obedience to Allah 
as demonstrated in our Haj or are we going to follow our 
desires and the teachings of Shaitan. If we act upon the 
latter then the Haj has made no impact on us. Apart from 
our life in this world, the Hereafter is in balance as well. 
If the Haj has had no effect upon us then there must be 
something seriously wrong. If we live as Muslims and 
pass our days serving Allah and His Rasool Qk) then the 

Haj has transformed us. The Haji has to make a sincere 
resolution not to go back to his old ways and habits. 
That Allah should guide him and make him live the life 
of a true Muslim and remove him from this world as a 

Whosoever is blind (of heart) in this (world) will be 
blind in the Hereafter and totally astray from the road 
(of salvation). 

(Quran 17:72) 

Indeed it is not the eyes that become blind but it is the 
hearts within the bosom that have become blind. 

(Quran 22:24) 

Creator of the Heavens and the Earth, You are my 
Protecting Friend in the world and the Hereafter. Make 
us die as Muslims and join us with (Your) pious 

(Quran 12:101) 




(Book of Prayers) 

Bismillahi tawakaltu alallah wa la ho la wa la 
qoo wa tah illah billah. 

In the name of Allah. I rely upon Allah. 

There is no power and might except from Allah. 


I J ? S \< J / - 7 < c Lit 

til* GjJ^> ciix3[ 6li^i 

Allah is the Greatest. Allah is praise is due to 
Allah. Glory unto Him who controlled this for 


us whilst we were unable to control it. Surely 
our return is to our Lord. 

Intention for Umrah: 

? in \s */ SS l> ? i 

O Allah I am intending to make Umrah, so make 
it easy for me and accept the Umrah from me. 

The talbiyah: 

Labbaik. Allahumma Labbaik. 
Labbaika la shareeka laka Labbaik. 
Innal humda wan ni'matah laka wal mulk. 
La shareeka lak. 


Here I am, O Allah, here I am. Here I am. You 
have no partner, here I am. Surely all praise, 
favour and authority belong to you. You have no 

After the Talbiyah, the following dua was recited by 

O Allah! I seek Your Pleasure and Jannah 
(Paradise) and I seek your Protection from Your 
Anger and the Fire. 

On the Outskirts of Makkah: 

O Allah! Surely this is Your Sacred Place and 
the Sacred Place of Your Prophet (Sallallahu 


Alayhi Wasallam) So forbid the fire upon my 
flesh, blood, bones and skin. O Allah! Grant me 
protection from Your Punishment on the Day on 
which You will raise Your Servants. 
(Or any other masjid) 

In the name of Allah! O Allah! Shower Your Mercy 
upon Muhammed (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). 
O Allah! Forgive my sins and open for me the 
doors of Your Mercy. 





O Allah! You are Peace and from You comes 
Peace. So keep us alive, Our Lord in peace. O 
Allah increase this House in dignity, honour 
nobility and awe. And increase him who 
performs Haj or Umrah in dignity, honour, 
nobility and piety. 


O Allah! I intend performing the Tawaf of Your 
Sacred House, so make my Tawaf easy for me 
and accept it from me. Seven rounds for Allah, 
the Most High. 



* ixi-*Jt $lljj 

Bismillahi Allahu Akbar la illah illalahu wa 
lillahil hamd. 

In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest. 
There is none worthy of worship besides Allah 
and all praise belongs to Allah. 


Rabbana Aatina fiddunya hasanah wa fil 
aakherati hasanah wa qi na azaban naar 
Our Lord grant us good in this world and the 
Hereafter. And save us from the punishment of 
the fire. 


Glory be to Allah. All praise be to Allah. There is none 
worthy of worship besides Allah, is the Greatest. There 
is no power and might except from Allah. The Most 
High. The Great (Also called the Third Kalimah.) 



Allah, I seek comfort at the time of death and 
forgiveness at the time of reckoning. 


O Allah! I ask You for forgiveness and safety in 
the word and in the Hereafter. Our Lord, Grant 
us good in the world and in the Hereafter and 
save us from the punishment of the fire. 


O Allah! Make me content with that which you 
have given me and bless me in it and be my 
deputy in the welfare of all those who are away 
from me. 

O Allah! I seek protection in You from disbelief, 
hunger and disgrace in the world and in the 

NOTE: The abovementioned duas are some of those 
recited by Rasulullah (£fc) and the Sahabah (^^.JJL^j) 
during Tawaf. When reciting them try to keep the 
meanings in mind. The Mu'tamir/Haji is not bound to 
these duas only and can recite anything else to suit his 
personal needs. 


Take as Your place of worship the place where 
Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam) stood (to perform 
Salah) (Surah Baqarah: 125) 



O Allah! I am asking You for beneficial 
knowledge and an extensive sustenance and a 
cure from all ills. 

At the Multazam pour out the essence of your requests in 

this world and the Hereafter. 


' \y < ki <, k . jl i'x" \' \"\ 

I begin with that which Allah began with 
"Surely Safa and Marwah are among the 
Symbols of Allah." 

Read three times: 

Allah is the Greastest. 

There is no god (worthy of worship) besides Allah 

There is no god (worthy of worship) besides 
Allah, who is Alone and has no partner. For Him 
is All Sovereignty and for Him is All Praise. He 
gives life and death and has power over 
everything. There is no god (worthy of worship) 
besides Allah, who is Alone. He has assisted his 
slave Muhammed (4ij) and defeated all groups 

O Allah! Shower Your Blessing, Mercies and Salutation 
on Muhammed and the Family (followers) of 




/ ' < 9 S 9 l / » J. . / 

O my Lord! Forgive (us) be merciful (to us). 
Surely, You are Most Mighty and Most 


*<^4 ,hi i-« 

In the name of Allah. O Allah! Shower Your 
Mercy on Muhammed (^ ). O Allah! I surely 
seek from You Your bounty. 


tat; &L3i&y3Lfc8f 


- • * > i -. 6 ^ 

O Allah! I intend performing Umrah and Haj , so 
make both easy for me and accept them from 
me. I am present for Haj and Umrah. 


7 « y 'y " / 9 i 


O Allah! I am intending to make Umrah, so make 
it easy for me and accept the Umrah from me. 


O Allah! I intend performing Haj. So make it 
easy for me and accept it (Haj) from me. 



La illaha Wallah wahdahu la shareeka lah 
lahulmulku wa lahul hamdu wa hu wa ala facile 
shayin qadeer. 

There is no god (worthy of worship) besides 
Allah, who is Alone and has no partner. Unto 
Him (belongs) all sovereignty, for Him is all 
praise and He has power over everything.(Also 
called the Fourth Kalimah) 
(Kindly make dua for the author and publishers) 



In the name of Allah-Allah is the greatest. A 
humiliation for Shaitan and for Allah's 
Pleasure. O Allah, make it an acceptable Haj 
and (my) sins forgiven and (my) effort a 
thankful (one) 



O Allah! Shower You Mercy on Muhammad 
(4&) and His family, followers as You showered 
Your Mercy on Ibrahim (AS) and His Family, 
(followers). Surely, You are Praiseworthy and 
Most High! O Allah. Bless Muhammad (jgfc) and 
His family (followers) as You have blessed 
Ibrahim and His family (followers). Surely You 
are Most Praiseworthy and Most High. 


O Allah! This is Your Nabi's Sanctuary, 
Therefore make it a protection for me from the 
fire and a safety from punishment and an evil 


Blessing and Peace be upon You O Messenger 


Blessing and Peace be upon You O Beloved of 


Blessing and Peace be upon You O Best 

Creation ofAllah. 

Blessing and Peace be upon you O Prophet and 

the Mercy ofAllah and His Blessing. 


O Prophet ofAllah! I bear witness that there is 
none worthy of worship besides Allah, who is 
Alone and has no partner. And I bear witness 
that You are His Slave and Prophet. And I also 
bear witness that You passed the message. You 
have discharged the trust (given by Allah) You 
have counselled the people May Allah reward 
You well May Allah reward You on our behalf 
better than which Allah rewarded any prophet 
on behalf of his ummah. 

NOTE: There is no fixed Salam to be recited at the 

Muwajaha Sharif. The first line or the first few lines 

will also suffice. 

Salam on behalf of others. 

'-. £Xj>J <J\ <^L_j KslZZ-~A i^yo. 

Peace be upon You O Messenger ofAllah 

from (name). He is requesting You 

to plead to Your Lord on his behalf. 



Peace be upon You O Deputy of Rasulullah. 
Peace be upon You O Companion of Rasulullah 
in the cave, Abu Bakr Siddiq. May Allah reward 
You well on behalf of the Ummah of 
Muhammad (4§0 

SALAM TO UMAR (Radhiallahu Anhu) 


Peace be upon you O Leader of the faithful. 
Peace be upon you O pride of Islam and The 
Muslims, Umar bin Khattab-Al-Farouk. May 
Allah reward you well on behalf of the Ummah of 



4J0I U31>^j^^jj^ju3jj 

Peace be upon you O Two Resters (besides) 
Rasulullah, his Two Companions and 
Ministers. May Allah reward the two of you 
an excellent reward. 

NOTE: The Mu'tamir will see and hear people 
reciting some very flowery and fancy Salams and 
duas at various Ziyarats. Rather recite a simple dua 
in your own language from the botton of your heart 
than something unknown to you. 


When Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) 
used to return from an expedition, Haj or Umrah 
he used to say the following: 
On every climb (uphill) he used to recite the takbir 
thrice. Thereafter he recited. 


There is none worthy of worship besides Allah who 
is Alone and has no partner. His is the Kingdom and 
for Him is all praise and He has power over 

(We are) Returning, repenting, worshiping, 
prostrating and praising our Lord. Allah has 
fulfilled His Promise, assisted His slave and 
defeated the combined groups all alone. 



Arafat (also Arfah): A plain near Makkah. Situated 
outside the Haram boundary (20 km from Makkah). 

Attar (Itr): Perfume. 

Damush Shukr: Sacrifice of Thanks by those 
performing Tamattu or Qiran Haj (also called Hady). 

Dum (Lit Blood): A penalty for omitting or 
contravening certain rites of Haj. 

Dua: Prayer/to pray to Allah. 

Fard (pi. Fara'id): Compulsory act or duty. 

Ghusal: To bath according to the rules of Islam. 

Hadath Akbar: (Major state of impurity) After sex, 
seminal discharge, menstruation or post natal discharge. 
Ghusal is compulsory thereafter. 

Hadath Asghar (minor impure state): Wudu required 
only. After breaking wind, going to toilet, awakening, 
etc. one is in a state of Hadath Asghar. 
Hady: Sacrificial animal in Haj. 


Haj Badal: Haj performed on behalf of someone else. 

Haj Mabrur: An accepted (pure) Haj. 

Haji: One who performs/performed Haj (p. Hujjaj). 

Hajr Aswad (Hajr = stone, Aswad = black): Formerly 
a pure white stone from Jannah. Presently broken into 
about eight pieces. 

Halq: To shave the hair (of the head) after Umrah or 
Haj. Men only. 

Haram (Holy Place/Sanctuary): Fixed boundaries 
around Makkah in which the following is prohibited: 
Hunting/ cutting trees, plants, fighting, killing. 


The Al-Masjidul Haraam and Al Masjidun Nabawi are 
also commonly called Haram or Haram Sharif. 

Haraam: Forbidden (also sacred - Al-Masjidul 
Haraam - The Sacred Masjid). 

Hateem: Semi-circular shaped area adjoining the 
Ka'bah. Formerly part of the Ka'bah. 

| KITABUL HAJ 140 1 

Ibadah: Worship. 

Idtiba: To wear in Tawaf the upper Ihram garment in 
such a manner that the left shoulder is covered and the 
right shoulder is bare (for a Tawaf followed by Sa'ee 
only. Notforsalah). 

Ifrad: To perform Haj only (a person performing Ifrad 

Ihram: Two pieces of unsewn (untailored) cloth worn 
by all male Hujjaj and Mutamirin (for ladies their 
normal clothing). 

Istighfar: Seeking repentance. 

Istilam (to kiss/touch): Kissing the Hajr Aswad or 
touching the Rukn Yamani. Rasulullah (^ft) did not kiss 
or touch any other part of the Ka'bah. 

I'tikaf: Secluding one's self in the Masjid during the 
last ten days of Ramadan. Great virtues have been 
associated with this act. One can intend seclusion for a 
short period in the Masjid at any time (Nafl I'tikaf). 

Jamrah (pi. Jamarat): Means a stoning place 
(commonly called the Shaitan). There are three such 
places which one has to stone: Jamratul Kubra - The Big 
Stoning Place. Jamratul Wusta - The Middle Stoning 
Place. Jamratul Ula - The Small Stoning Place. 

Originally Shaitan appeared before Ibrahim (Alayhis 
Salaam) at these three places. Ibrahim (Alayhis 
Salaam) stoned him. Situated in Mina. Redesigned in 
2008. The pillar has been replaced by a large wall 
surrounded by a low oval-shaped wall. 

Janazah Salah: Salah for the dead. 

Mahram : A male relative whom you cannot marry. 

Makruh: Unpleasant/disliked. (Makruh Tahrimi - 
very unpleasant bordering on haraam). 

Maqam Ibrahim: Lit. Standing place of Ibrahim 
(Alayhis Salaam). On this spot is a rock bearing the 
footprints of Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam). 

Masnoon: According to the sunnah. 

Masjid Khaif: The Masjid of Mina. About 200m from 

the Small Jamrah. 



Masjid Namirah: The Masjid of Arafat. 

Mataf : Place of Tawaf. The area around the Ka'bah. 

Mihrabun Nabi: The place where Rasulullah (igj ) 
performed Imamat (led the congregation). (In 

Milain Akhdarain: Two markings between which 
Hajar the wife of Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam) ran in search 
of water; between Safa and Marwah - green lights mark 
this portion. 

Mimbar: Pulpit. The Friday Khutbah (sermon) is 
delivered from here. 

Mina (also Muna): 5 km from Makkah. (Situated in 
the Haram.) 

Miqat: A fixed place which cannot be passed on the 
way to Makkah without Ihram (pi. Mawaqeet). 

Mizab: Gutter from the roof of the Ka'bah. Falling 

into the Hatim. 

Months of Haj: Shawwal - Zil Qad - Zil Haj. 

Muhrim: One who is in a state of Ihram. 

Multazam: A space of two metres from the door of the 
Ka'bah till the Hajr Aswad. 

Mustahab: Occasionally done by Rasulullah (tUg). 
There is a reward for doing it and no sin for leaving it. 

Mu'tamir: One who performs/performed Umrah (p. 

Muwajaha: Face section of the Prophet's grave. 

Muzdalifah: A place near Makkah (10 km). (Also in 
the Haram.) 

Nafl: Optional/extra. 

Niyyah: Intention. 

Qiran: Umrah and Haj performed in one Ihram. One 
performing Qiran is called Qarin. 

Qasr: To trim the hair of the head. Men and women. 
Qurbani (Udhiya): To slaughter an animal in 
commemoration of Ibrahim's act between the 10 th and 
12"' ofZilHaj. This act is not connected to Haj rites. 

Ramal: To walk briskly with the chest out in the first 
| KITABUL HAJ | [l44 

three rounds. For a Tawaf followed by Sa'ee. Men 

Rami: To stone/pelt. 

Sa'ee: To go from Safa to Marwah and back, seven 
times (Safa-Marwah - two hills traversed by Hajar, the 
wife of Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam) in search of water and 
people.) The Sa'ee is a re-enactment of this. 

Sahabah: Companions of Rasulullah ( ^ ). (Sing- 

Sajdah: Prostration. 

Salam: Greetings. 

Shawt: One circle around the Ka'bah. Seven shawts 
equal one Tawaf. Also for Safa-Marwah. 

Subh Sadiq: Early dawn (starts about 90 minutes 
before sunrise). 

Sunnah (pi. Sunan): That which the Nabi ( ^ ) said, 
did or approved of. 

Sunnah Muakkadah (insisted upon sunnah): An act 

performed regularly by Rasulullah (iH$z). 


Taa'if: One performing Tawaf. 

Tahiyatul Masjid: Two rakats Salah performed when 
entering the masjid (lit. Greeting of the masjid). 

Tahlil: To recite La ilaha illallah. (No god except 

Takbir: To recite AllahuAkbar. (Allah is the Greatest.) 

Talbiyah: To recite Labbaik. (I am present.) 

Tamattu: Umrah and Haj performed in two separate 
Ihrams (one performing Tamattu is called Mutamatti). 

Tasbih: To recite Subhanallah. 

Tawaful Qudoom: Tawaf of Arrival (in Ifrad and 

Tawaful Wada'a (also Tawaf Sadr): Farewell Tawaf 
prior to one's departure from Makkah. 

Tawafus Ziyarah (also Tawaful Ifadah): A Tawaf 
performed after stoning the shaitan/slaughtering/ 
cutting of hair on the 1 0th of Zil Haj or thereafter (before 

| KITABUL HAJ | [l46 

sunset of the 12 th of Zil Haj). 

Udhiya: Sacrificial animal slaughtered between the 

10"' and 12 th of Zil Haj. 

A universal act. Not specifically related to Haj 


Umrah: A small Haj. Performed any time of the year 

except from the 9th till 1 3th Zil Haj . 

Ustuwanah - Pillar 

Wajib: Compulsory (pi. Wajibat). 

Wajibut Tawaf: Compulsory two rakats performed 
after every Tawaf. 

Wuqoof : The standing or stopping at Arafat on the 9th 
of Zil Haj between midday and sunset. Also at 
Muzdalifah before sunrise. 

Zam Zam: The miraculous well created for Ismail 
(Alayhis Salaam) situated near the Ka'bah. No longer 
accessible to the public. 

Zawal: Actual midday (lit. Not 12.00p.m.). 

Zikr: Remembrance of Allah or the recitation of His 



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